To talk of research is to talk about problem solving. A particular way of solving problems has been recommended by scientists and this method is what we adopt in research work.
What is research?
Research is the systematic and scientific method of finding solution to a problem. The operative words here are “systematic” and “Scientific”. By “systematic” we mean that to solve a problem we adopt a particular or laid-down process which we call the “scientific method”. Research is a planned process of conducting investigations in order to achieve a pre-determined objective. The objective is usually a solution to one or more specific problem, or an addition to current knowledge in a particular field. The scientific method encourages doubt and criticism so that what emerges (the solution) is the real evidence which has stood the test of reasoning.
STEPS IN CONDUCTING A RESEARCH PROJECT
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We will now discuss the sequence of steps involved in conducting a research project.
- Definition or statement of problem.
- Review of related literature.
- Formulation of hypotheses.
- Designing the study or research design.
- Collection of data.
- Organization of data.
- Analysis of data.
- Interpretation of data.
- Writing the research report.
The starting point of research is the definition of problem. Every research begins with the researcher focusing his attention at identifying and defining the problem whose solution is considered to be useful to the organization,
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