WHAT IS RESEARCH AND STEPS IN CONDUCTING A RESEARCH PROJECT

To talk of research is to talk about problem solving. A particular way of solving problems has been recommended by scientists and this method is what we adopt in research work.

What is research?

 

 

Research is the systematic and scientific method of finding solution to a problem. The operative words here are “systematic” and “Scientific”. By “systematic” we mean that to solve a problem we adopt a particular or laid-down process which we call the “scientific method”. Research is a planned process of conducting investigations in order to achieve a pre-determined objective. The objective is usually a solution to one or more specific problem, or an addition to current knowledge in a particular field. The scientific method encourages doubt and criticism so that what emerges (the solution) is the real evidence which has stood the test of reasoning.

 

STEPS IN CONDUCTING A RESEARCH PROJECT

 

You may also like :  How to write a literature review for a research paper

We will now discuss the sequence of steps involved in conducting a research project.

  1. Definition or statement of problem.
  2. Review of related literature.
  3. Formulation of hypotheses.
  4. Designing the study or research design.
  5. Collection of data.
  6. Organization of data.
  7. Analysis of data.
  8. Interpretation of data.
  9. Writing the research report.

 

Read also how to write a project proposal and proposal writing format

 

 

The starting point of research is the definition of problem. Every research begins with the researcher focusing his attention at identifying and defining the problem whose solution is considered to be useful to the organization,

 

more  related topics online

importance of research

 

what is the important of research

Facebook Comments

Latest Jamb 2017 update: Crosscheck Your Data Before Midnight – JAMB To Candidates

Latest Jamb 2017 update:  the Joint Admissions and Matriculation Board (JAMB) has urged prospective candidates for its Unified Tertiary Matriculation Examination (UTME) to crosscheck the data on their registration forms for the last time on May 6.

The board’s Head of Media and Information, Dr Fabian Benjamin, made the call in an interview with the News Agency if Nigeria (NAN) on Saturday in Lagos.

Jamb official news site

 

 

The call comes ahead of the 2017 UTME scheduled for May 13 across 633 centres nationwide.

NAN reports that registration of candidates for the examination was closed by the board by 12 midnight on Friday, May 5.

ALSO READ: FG Plans To Re-open Chibok’s Girls School

 

HOW TO WRITE A PROJECT PROPOSAL AND PROPOSAL WRITING FORMAT

 

According to Benjamin, the call for the crosschecking of data by prospective candidates was to ensure total inclusiveness.

He added that the board intended to ensure that no candidate was left out during the examination due to one reason or the other.

“All candidates who desire to do any change on their registration details are urged to do so today as the platform closes finally by 9 p.m. of Saturday May 6.

 Nigeria universities

 

“We are giving all the candidates the last chance to ensure that everyone is carried along and provided with equal opportunity.

“We also want to avoid a situation whereby candidates will have cause to complain of one incident or the other just before the commencement of the examination,’’ Benjamin said.

 

How To Write A Literature Review For A Research Paper

Facebook Comments

Niger Delta Crisis: Why Buhari Presidency Orders Opening Of Maritime University In Delta State

NIGER DELTA Crisis: Why BUHARI PRESIDENCY ORDERS OPENING OF MARITIME UNIVERSITY IN DELTA STATE

• ACCELERATES ACTIONS TOWARDS LASTING PEACE, STABILITY IN REGION
• LICENSES FOR MODULAR REFINERIES TO REPLACE ILLEGAL ONES IN THE OFFING
• GOVERNOR IN ASO ROCK, COMMENDS FG EFFORTS

In a clear effort to further the Niger Delta New Vision policy of the Buhari administration, the Presidency has directed the resumption of activities towards the eventual opening of the Nigerian Maritime University before the end of the year, in line with the demands championed by major stakeholders in the region.

Coming as one of the several follow-up actions to the recent Presidential level interactive engagements with the Niger Delta oil producing communities, the prompt implementation of directive on the re-opening of the Maritime University to the Ministry of Education is to be coordinated by a 5-man inter-agency Committee headed by the Minister of Education.

Other members of the Committee will come from:
i)    The Ministry of Petroleum Resources,
ii)   National Universities Commission (NUC)
iii)  Nigerian Maritime Administration and Safety Agency (NIMASA) &
iv)  Office of the Deputy Governor of Delta State

The Committee is to finalize the ongoing processes towards the opening of the Nigeria Maritime University in the 2017/2018 Academic Session. The Committee will work collaboratively with the current Principal Officers and the Governing Council of the institution.

Besides this, and in further demonstrating its unalloyed commitment to a new vision for the Niger Delta, the Buhari Presidency has been working assiduously to evolve a number of robust strategies for key multi-sectoral outcomes and deliverables for the people of the oil-producing communities.

Some of those include:
a)  General guidelines issued by the Federal Government, reaffirming its commitment and outlining its objectives towards the establishment of Modular Refineries in the Niger Delta.
*This includes, the development of the technical criteria for issuing operating licenses that is now in final stages of drafting and would be released soon.

b) A roadmap for addressing regional development challenges is being developed by an inter-agency working group comprising of Ministry of Niger Delta, Niger Delta Development Commission, Ministry of Environment, Ministry of Petroleum Resources and Ministry of Power, Works and Housing. This group is working in partnership with experts seconded by Pan-Niger Delta Forum (PANDEF) and key resource persons financed by a bi-lateral international development partner.
*The roadmap will be based on the framework of the 16-point agenda developed by PANDEF.

c) A strategy for community-based participation in pipeline protection and policing is underway and will be validated with series of engagement processes, collaboratively with PANDEF, oil communities and other communities in the region that play host to the vast network of oil pipelines in the Niger Delta.

*Meanwhile, there are plans by the Presidency to conclude the fact-finding tours to the Niger Delta with visits by Vice President Yemi Osinbajo, SAN, to Cross River and Ondo States.

It would be recalled that under the directive of President Muhammadu Buhari, the Vice President undertook visits to oil producing States in the Niger Delta. During the visits, series of townhall meetings and consultations were held with a broad spectrum of stakeholders in a confidence building effort.

Meanwhile earlier today the Delta State Governor, Senator Ifeanyi Okowa commended the Buhari administration for its commitment to addressing the concerns of the Niger Delta people.

He asserted the restoration of peace in Delta State and noted that the State Government is actively working with the FG on several of the plans, including the opening of the Maritime University. The Governor who said he was in the Presidential Villa to show gratitude to the FG, spoke with reporters after a brief call on the Vice President.

Laolu Akande
Senior Special Assistant to the President on Media & Publicity
Office of the Vice President
05 May, 2017

Facebook Comments

HOW TO WRITE A PROJECT PROPOSAL AND PROPOSAL WRITING FORMAT

HOW TO WRITE A PROJECT PROPOSAL AND PROPOSAL WRITING FORMAT

A research proposal is an abridged account of what a researcher intends to do and the procedure or methodology he intends to adopt in doing it. The significance of the research proposal is that it enables the researcher to have a clear perspective of what is involved in carrying out the project by preparing the research proposal. The researcher can anticipate the major problems, cost and the practicability of the technique selected for the study.

PROPOSAL WRITING FORMAT

Research proposal writing format can be written in two forms, one is called the simple research proposal, while the other is called the comprehensive research proposal.

Simple Research Proposal; contains the following parts

  1. The research topic.
  2. Objective of the study.
  3. Sources of data.
  4. Plan for the review of relevant literature.
  5. Method of field data collection.
  6. The research instrument to be used for the study.

Read Also: Research Question Format and guide in Writing Research Questions

 

Comprehensive Research Proposal; contain the following parts

  1. Title Page
  2. Summary
  3. Tables of Contents
  4. List of Tables
  5. List of Figures
  6. Background of the Study
  7. Statement of the Problem
  8. Objective of the Study
  9. Research Hypotheses/Research Questions
  10. Significance of the Study
  11. Scope/ Delimitation of the Study
  12. Definition of Important Terms
  13. Review of Relevant Literature
  14. Research Approach/Methodology
  15. Time and Finance Cost Requirements
  16. List of References/Bibliography
  17. Appendices

Read also: Qualitative Research Question Example and Examples Of Good Research Question

Facebook Comments

How To Write A Literature Review For A Research Paper

It is very pertinent to know how to write a literature review for a research paper, thesis and research proposal. What do we mean by literature and literature review? Literature means any material, in whatever form, which is relevant and contains what will enable a researcher solve a specific problem.

 

Read also: Qualitative Research Question Example and Examples Of Good Research Question

Literature review is essentially a survey or pursue and documentation of the views or works of other people which are relevant to the investigation being conducted. Literature review has to do with planning, collection, and appraisal, interpretation, deducing and recording of conclusions on the views expressed in published and unpublished documented materials particularly related to the subject matter of a research problem.

 

Review of literature is crucial to the success of the research project.

Facebook Comments

Research and all project topics and materials