MEDICAL RADIOGRAPHY AND RADIOLOGIC SCIENCES PROJECT TOPICS

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1    EVALUATION OF RADIATION PROTECTION MEASURES FOR FEMALE PATIENTS OF CHILD BEARING AGE USING UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL ITUKU-OZALLA AND NATIONAL ORTHOPEDIC HOSPITAL ENUGU AS CASE STUDY

2       A  SURVEY  OF  RADIATION  PROTECTION  AWARENESS IN  NON RADIATION  WORKERS

3    AN  ASSESSMENT OF  DEPRESSION   AMONG  PRACTISING  RADIOGRAPHERS IN  SOUTH  EAST NIGERIA

4   PREPAREDNESS OF NIGERIAN-TRAINED RADIOGRAPHERS FOR CLINICAL PRACTICE IN NIGERIA; PERCEPTIONS OF FRESH GRADUATES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS.

5   THE EFFECT OF CRUDE METHANOLIC LEAF  EXTRACT OF PSIDUIM GUAVAJA ON SOME HAEMATOLOGICAL PARAMETERS IN ALBINO WISTAR RATS.

6   AN EVALUATION OF THE ACCURACY OF ULTRASOUND  IN THE DETECTION OF HEPATITIS

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7  DONCASTHIL RADIOGRAPHIC HUMAN PHANTOM

 

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MICROBIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIAL FOR STUDENTS

MICROBIOLOGY PROJECT TOPICS AND MATERIAL FOR STUDENTS

YOU CAN  REQUEST PREVIEW BEFORE PAYMENT.NOTE: OUR CASE STUDY CAN BE CHANGE TO SUIT YOUR HEART DESIRE. WE CAN RESEARCH ANY TOPIC OF YOUR CHOICE. YOUR PROJECT MATERIAL WILL BE SENT TO YOUR EMAIL IN LESS THAN 1 HOUR ONCE WE RECEIVE YOUR PAYMENT.

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COMPLETE PROJECT  MATERIAL COST 3000 NAIRA

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ACCOUNT NUMBER:  0115939447

First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

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PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

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food science project topics and material

1. MARGARINE” PRODUCTION USING OIL BLENDS FROM PALM KERNEL, COCONUT AND MELON
2.  ADDITIVES AND PRESERVATIVES USED IN FOOD PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION AND THEIR HEALTH IMPLICATION.
3.  AN EPIDEMOLOGY SURVEY FOR SCTRISTOSOMIASIS AMONG PUPILS IN AMAGUNZE COMMUNITY IN NKANU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA IN EENUGU
4.  AN INVESTIGATION ON THE EFFECT OF VARIOUS PACKAGING MATERIAL ON THE QUALITY ATTRIBUTES OF SUYA (MEAT)
5.  ANAEMIA IN PREGNANCY (A CASE STUDY OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC AT UNIVERISTY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL. (UNTH, ENUGU)
6.  ANALYSIS OF CONTAMINATION OF ALASA RIVER IN BURUTU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA
7. ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF SWEET ORANGE (CITRUS SINENSIS) ON STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS AND ESCHERICHIA COLI ISOLATED FROM WOUND INFECTED
8. ASCARIASIS AMONG CHILDREN BETWEEN THE AGE OF 4-15 YEARS (A CASE STUDY OF SCHOOL I, II, III, IV IN ZIKS AVENUE PRIMARY SCHOOL UWANI ENUGU NIGERIA)
9. BACHERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF IDODO RIVER
10. BACTERIAL CONTAMINATS ASSOCIATED WITH COMMERCIAL POULTRY FEED FROM THREE DIFFERENT COMPANIES
11. BACTERIAL EXAMINATION OF SPOILT “EGUSI” SOUP
12. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF ANTIMICROBIAL STRENGTH OF THREE MOST COMMON ANTIBIOTICS USED IN ENUGU (CASE STUDY OF ANTIBIOTICS DRUGS BROUGHT IN OBIAGU.)
13. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF MICROBIAL LOAD OF THE ENUGU MAIN WATER PRODUCTION AND WATER AVAILABLE TO IMT CAMPUS II HOSTEL
14. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF PIPEBORNE WATER AND OTHER SOURCES OF WATER WITHIN ENUGU METROPOLIS (EMENE LOCALITY)
15. COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE ASH AND MOISTURE CONTENT OF RIPED AND UNRIPED PLANTAIN (MUSA SPP)
16. COMPARATIVE STUDY OF MICRO-ORGANISM ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF BANANA
17. CONSUMERS ACCEPTABILITY AND PHYSICO CHEMICAL QUALITY OF BREAKFAST FROM MALTED SORGHUM (Sorghum vulgarc var K.S.V.S) “ACHA” “(Digitaria exilib) AND CASSAVA (Manihot esculante) Starch.
18. DETERMINATION OF HYDROGEN CYANIDE IN CASSAVA
19. ECONOMIC ASSESSMENT OF SOME METHODS ADOPTED IN YOUGHOURT PRODUCTION
20. EFFECT OF STEEPING PERIOD ON YIELD AND ACCEPTABILITY OF STARCH EXTRACTED FROM SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR, WHITE VARIETY AND RED VARIETY)
21. EFFECT OF STORAGE TIME ON THE FUNCTIONAL PROPERTIES OF WHEAT/BAMBKA GROUNDNUT BLEND
22. EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF SECCHAROMYCES CEREVISAAE ISOLATE FROM PALM-WINE IN VINEGAR PRODUCTION FROM OR ANGE JUICE.
23. EVALUATION OF THE PERFORMANCE OF SECCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE ISOLATE FROM PALM-WINE IN VINEGAR PRODUCTION FROM OR ANGE JUICE.
24. EVALUATON OF CURRENT TECHNIQUES IN DIAGNOSES OF HUMAN IMMUNODAFICIENCY VIRUS (HIV)
25. EXAMINATION OF INCIDENCE OF MALARIA INFESTATION CAUSED BY DIFFERNET SPECIES OF PLASMODIUM IN ENUGU METROPOLIC (A CASE STUDY OF PARKLANE HOSPITAL ENUGU)
26. EXAMINATION OF JOLLOF RICE SERVED IN HOTELS FOR PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS
27. EXAMINATION OF STOOL FOR THE PRESENCE OF FELMINETH USING DIFFERENT TECHNIQUES (A CASE STUDY OF ENUGU EAST LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ENUGU)
28. EXTRACTION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF FATTY ACIDS IN MAIZE (ZEA MAYS)
29. EXTRACTION OF CASHEW NUT SEED OIL AND ITS EFFECT ON COLI FORM

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30. FERMENTATIVE PRODUCTION OF CASSAVA FLOUR FOR BAKERY INDUSTRIES
31. FOOD IN – RELATION TO DISEASES
32. FOOD IRRATION IN NIGERIA (PROSPECTS AND PROBLEMS)
33. FUNGAL INFUSTATION ON BAKERY PRODUCT DREAM
34. GASTROENTERITIS IN PRIMARY SCHOOL CHIDREN IN ENUGU METROPOLIS (6-12 YRS)
35. IDENTIFICATION OF FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH TEA SPOILAGE OF SWEET POTATO TUBERS SOLD AT OGBETE MAIN MARKET IN ENUGU, ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA. ENUGU STATE
36. IDENTIFICATION OF FUNGI ASSOCIATED WITH THE SPOILAGE OF SWEET POTATO TUBERS SOLD AT OGBETE MAIN MARKET IN ENUGU, ENUGU NORTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA. ENUGU STATE
37. INCIDENCE OF VAGINAL CANDIDACIES AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN AN PARK-LANE, HOSPITAL, A CASE STUDY OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINK AT PARK-LINE ENUGU.
38. INVESTIGATE THE MICROBIAL CONTENT OF SOME BOLTED SOFT DRIVELS SOLD IN ENUGU INTERLOPES
39. INVESTIGATION OF THE PRODUCTION OF A GOOD QUALITY ETHANOL FROM LOCAL RAW MATERIAL (CASSAVA) USING MICRO-ORGANISM WITHIN OUR LOCALITY.
40. INVITRO DETERMINATION OF BACTERIOCIDAL EFFECT OF GARLIC ON STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS
41. ISOLATIOIN AND CHARACTERISATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH HAWKED SUYA- MEAT (CASE STUDY OF ENUGU).
42. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM STORED PAP (OGI)
43. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF MOULD ASSIOCATED IN THE SPOILAGE OF BREAD
44. ISOLATION AND CHARACTERIZATION OF TINEA CAPTIS FROM HAIR BARBING EQUIPMENT IN ENUGU METROPOLIS
45. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF BACTERIA ASSOCIATED WITH WOUND SEPSIS
46. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA IN HOTEL SWIMMING POOL IN ENUGU URBAN

47. ISOLATION AND IDENTIFICATION OF STAPHYLOCOCCUS AUREUS ASSOCIATED IN CONTAMINATED “OKPA” (BAMBARA GROUNDNUT) VOUNDZIES SUBTERENEA
48. ISOLATION AND PERFORMANCE EVALUATION OF SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE FROM ON PALM WINE (ELAELS GUINNEENSIS) AT DIFFERENT TEMPERATURE OF PROOFING DURING BREAD MAKING
49. MAIZE ADJUNCT IN SORGHUM BEER BREWING
50. MALARIA PARASITE AND ITS EFFECT TO HUMAN HEALTH (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH ENUGU)
51. METHODS OF PROCESSING YAM
52. MICOROBIAL EXAMINATION OF FRIED RICE SOLD IN FAST FOOD JOINTS (A CASE STUDY OF MR BIGGS, OKPARA AVENUE ENUGU)
53. MICROBIAL EXAMINATION OF BACTERIA IN BEEF SOLD IN ARTISAN MARKET ENUGU METROPOLIS
54. MICROBIAL EXAMINATION OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIA IN RAW MILK SAMPLE FROM A DIARY FARM (A CASE STUDY OF FULANI CATTLE SETTLEMENT IN EMENE, ENUGU, ENUGU STATE)
55. MICROBIAL EXAMINATION OF SPOILT AVOCADO FRUIT
56. MICROBIAL FOOD SPOILAGE AND ITS CONTROL
57. MICROBIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF BACTERIA IN TAPIOCA SOLD IN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY ENUGU
58. MICROBIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF POWDERED TOBACCO SOLD IN ENUGU URBAN FOR THE PRESENCE OF PATHOGENIC BACTERIA
59. MICROBIOLOGICAL STUDY ON SPOILAGE OF MANGO FRUIT
60. MICROOBIAL EVALUATION OF RAM MILK FROM A DIARY FARM
61. ONION IS ASSOCIATED WITH MICRO-ORGANISMS WHICH ARE CAPABLE OF CAUSING SPOILAGE.
62. PHYSICO – CHEMICAL AND ORGANOLEPTICPROPERTIES OF FLOUR AND FUFU PROCESSE FROM CASSAVE VERIETIES.
63. PREVALENCE OF BACTERIAL GASTROENTERITIS AMONG CHILDREN AGED 0 – 15 YEARS (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH)
64. PREVALENCE OF ENTAMOEBA HISTOLYTICA IN ENUGU METROPOLIS A CASE STUDY OF PARKLANE HOSIPITAL ENUGU
65. PREVALENCE OF MALARIA PARASITE AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN (A CASE STUDY OF NIGER FOUNDATION HOSPITAL ENUGU)
66. PREVALENCE STUDY OF HEPATITIS B (AUSTRALIAN ANTIGEN) AMONG PATIENT IN NATIONAL ORTHOPEDIAE HOSPITAL ENUGU
67. PROCESS FOR REFINING VEGETABLE OIL AND ITS FOOD VALUE
68. PRODUCTION AND ACCEPTABILITY STUDIES OF MALTED SORGHUM (SORGHUM BICOLOR) BISCUIT
69. PRODUCTION OF “OGIRI” FROM SOYABEAN USING MICRO ORGANISM RESPONSIBLE FOR FERMENTATION OF CASTOR BEANS SEED “OGIRI” (COMMERCIAL “OGIRI”)
70. PRODUCTION OF ANTIFOAMING AGENT USING PALM KERNEL OIL
71. PRODUCTION OF BLEACH SOLUTION AND COMPARATIVE STUDY OF COMMERCIALLY PRODUCED BLEACH SOLUTION
72. PRODUCTION OF BREAD USING LACTIC ACID BACTERIAL (LAB) AND SACCHAROMYCES CEREVISIAE (BAKERS YEAST)
73. PRODUCTION OF DEODORANT (AIR REFRESHING) FROM LOCAL PLANT MATERIALS.
74. PRODUCTION OF MIXED FRUIT USING FUSE LOCALLY SOURED CITRUS FRUITS ORANGE (CITRUS SILENCES) TANGERINE CITRUS RETICULATE) LEMON C GROUPS (CITRUS PARADOX)
75. PRODUCTION OF STARCH-BASED ADHESIVE FROM CASSAVA
76. PRODUCTION OF SUGAR SYRUPS (MOLASSES) FROM CANE SUGAR STICKS

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77. PROMOTE COMPOSITION OF PLEUROTUS TUBERRCOGININ FROM ENUGU AREA.
78. PROXIMATE ANALYSIS OF SENSORY EVALUATION OF DRIED ONION (ALLIUM CEPA)
79. RELATIONSHIP BETWEEN AGE, FEEDING AND ANAEMIA IN PREGNANCY (A CASE STUDY OF PREGNANT WOMEN ATTENDING ANTENATAL CLINIC AT UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA TEACHING HOSPITAL (UNTH) ENUGU)
80. THE ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF THREE TYPES OF MEDICATED SOAPS ON STARHYROCOCCUS AUREUS FORM WOULD INFECTIONS
81. THE DETERMINATION OF THE ACTIVITIES AND SPECIFICITY OF ENZYMES IN FERMENTATION OF STARCH – FROM MAIZE
82. THE EFFECT OF DIFFERENT CONCENTRATIONS OF CITRIC ACID ON THE PHYSICOCHEMICAL PROPERTIES OF ORANGE JUICE (CITRUS SINENSIS)
83. THE EFFECT OF FOOD PACKAGING MATERIAL ON THE ENVIRONMENT
84. THE EFFECT OF OIL SPILLAGE ON SOIL PROPERTIES AND CROP PERFORMANCE IN WARRI AREA
85. THE EFFECT OF PESTICIDES DICHLORODIPHENYL TRICHLOROEYHANE (D.D.Y) AND BENZENE HEXACHRORIDE (BHC) ON THE MICROFLORA OF THE THREE TYPES OF SOIL
86. THE EFFECT OF PROCESSING ON AFZELIA AFRICANA (AKPALATA) AND BRACHYSTEGIA SPP FLOUR AS SOUP THICKNER
87. THE EFFECTS OF DIFFERENT PROCESSIGN TECHNIQUIES ON THE ORGANOLEPTIC QUALITY OF SOYMILK PROCESSING AND STORAGE
88. THE EVALUATION OF MICROORGANISMS ON GARRI AT OGBETE MARKET
89. THE INCCIDENCE OF CANDIDIASIS AMONG SINGLE AND MARRIED WOMEN OF DIFFERENT AGE GROUP (CASE STUDY, UNTH ENUGU)
90. THE INCIDENCE OF HOOKWORM (ANCYLASTOMA DUODENALE) IN STOOLS OF PUPILS IN PRIMARY SCHOOLS IN ENUGU – EAST L.G.A OF ENUGU STATE
91. THE INCIDENCE OF SALMONELLA AND ESCHERCHIA COLI IN LIVESTOCK (POULTRY) FEEDS
92. THE INFLUENCE OF PROCESSING METHODS ON THE PROTEIN AND CYANIDE CONTENT OF AFRICAN YAM BEAN (Sphenostylis Stenocarpa)
93. THE MICROBIOLOGICAL QUALITY CONTROL OF SOYMILK BEVERAGE SOLD IN INSITITUE OF MANGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY CAMPUS 3 ENUGU.
94. THE PEEVALENCE OF STREPTOCOCCUS PNEUMONIAE IN PNEUMONIA PTIENTS IN ENUGU METROPOLI (A CASE STUDY OF UNTH ENUGU)
95. THE PHYSICO-CHEMICAL AND ANTIOXIDANT PROPERTIES OF CULINARY HERBS AND LOCAL SPIES PIPE GUIEENSE (UZIZA) XYLPIA AETHPICA (UDA), MONODORA MYRISTICA (EHURU), TETRAPELURA TETRAPTERA (OSHOSHO).
96. THE PREVALENCE OF TRICHOMONA VAGINALIS AMONG ADULTS IN “OSUMENYI” IN NNEWI SOUTH LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA ANAMBRA STATE
97. THE ROLE OF PACKAGING IN FOOD PROCESSING
98. THE STATUS OF PROCESSING AND PRESERVATION OF CEREALS IN NIGERIA
99. THE SURVEY OF THE MICROBIAL FLOAR OF COMMON (Achatina achatina) IN VIEW OF IDENTIFYING THE HUMAN PATHOGENIC ORGANISMS IN SNAIL
100. THE UTILITY POTENTIALS OF SOME DIOSCOREA SPECIES WITH PARTICULAR REFERENCE TO D. ROTORIDATA AND D. DUMATORUM
101. USE OF COMPOSITE FLOUR BLENDS FOR BISCUIT MAKING (PEANUT/CASSAVA

102.   ANTIBACTERIAL ACTIVITY OF SPINACH

103. ARTHROPOD-BORNE VIRUSES (ARBOVIRUSES) AND THE DISEASES THEY CAUSE IN HUMANS

104. OVERVIEW OF AUTOIMMUNE HAEMOLYTIC ANEMIA

105. ANTIOXIDANT MICRONUTRIENTS IN PREGNANT WOMEN FROM SOME RURAL COMMUNITIES IN ENUGU AND EBONYI STATES OF NIGERIA.

106 NUTRITIONAL AND SENSORY QUALITIES OF SOYMILK-KUNNU BLENDS

107 EFFECT OF HONEY ON UPPER RESPIRATORY TRACT ORGANISM

108 PHYSIOCHEMICAL ANALYSIS OF DIFFERENT BRANDS OF PARACETAMOL TABLET IN THE MARKET

109 COMBINED ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF DELONIX REGIA AND IXORA SPECIES ON ENTERIC ORGANISMS

 

110 DETERMINATION OF MICROBIAL LOAD ON SMOKED FISH SOLD IN SOME PARTS OF OWERRI

111 MICRO-ORGANISMS ASSOCIATED WITH OTITIS MEDIA INFECTIONS AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL CHILDREN IN PARTS OF OHAJI/EGBEMA L.G.A

112 HAND HYGIENE PRACTICES AMONG PRIMARY SCHOOL PUPILS IN OHAJI EGBEMA, IMO STATE

113 BACTERIOLOGICAL EXAMINATION OF VAGINAL INFECTION IN FEMALE STUDENT OF IMO STATE POLYTECHNIC, UMUAGWO

114 AWARENESS OF TYPES AND BENEFITS OF EXERCISE IN PREGNANCY AMONG PREGNANT WOMEN WHO ATTEND ANTENATAL CARE IN HEALTH CENTRES IN IKOT EKPENE LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF AKWA IBOM STATE

115 ISOLATION OF MICROORGANISMS FROM SELECTED DUMP SITES IN OWERRI METROPOLIS

 

We partner with the students of the following  institutions in Nigeria and Abroad in area of research. partnership in progress

  1. University of Nigeria Nsukka . website http://www.unn.edu.ng/
  2. University of Ibadan.  website http://www.ui.edu.ng/
  3. National Open University of Nigeria . website www.nou.edu.ng/

  4. University of Lagos – UNILAG. website http://www.unilag.edu.ng/
  5.   Ahmadu Bello University, Zaria.  website https://abu.edu.ng/
  6. Obafemi Awolowo University, Ile-Ife. website www.oauife.edu.ng/

  7. University of Port Harcourt. website www.uniport.edu.ng/
  8. Bayero University, Kano. website www.buk.edu.ng/

  9. Covenant University, Canaanland Ota. website covenantuniversity.edu.ng/
  10. The Federal University of Technology Akure. website https://www.futa.edu.ng/

  11. American University of Nigeria. www.aun.edu.ng/

  12. Osun State University, Nigeria. website www.uniosun.edu.ng/.
  13. University of Uyo. website https://www.uniuyo.edu.ng/
  14. University of Jos.  website  www.unijos.edu.ng/

  15. Olabisi Onabanjo University. website www.oouagoiwoye.edu.ng/

  16.  University of Agriculture Makurdi. website uam.edu.ng/
  17. The University of Benin, Benin City, Nigeria. website www.uniben.edu/

  18.  Nile University of Nigeria. website www.ntnu.edu.ng/
  19. Nnamdi Azikiwe University, Awka. https://unizik.edu.ng/
  20. Federal University of Agriculture, Abeokuta. website www.unaab.edu.ng

  21. Afe Babalola University. website www.abuad.edu.ng/
  22. University of Maiduguri. website www.unimaid.edu.ng/

  23. Landmark University. website www.lmu.edu.ng/

  24. Ekiti State University. website www.eksu.edu.ng/

  25. Federal University of Technology, Minna. website https://www.futminna.edu.ng/

  26. Ambrose Alli University, Ekpoma. website https://www.aauekpoma.edu.ng/

  27. Federal University of Petroleum Resources, Effurun. website  www.fupre.edu.ng/

  28. Kwara State University. website www.kwasu.edu.ng/

  29. Crescent University. website www.crescent-university.edu.ng/
  30. Lagos State University. website www.lasu.edu.ng/
  31. Enugu state university www.esut.edu.ng
  32. Federal University Of Technology Owerri. website www.futo.edu.ng/

  33. University of Abuja. website https://www.uniabuja.edu.ng/

  34. Adekunle Ajasin University. website https://aaua.edu.ng/

  35. Evangel University. website www.evangeluniv.edu.ng/
  36. Niger Delta University. website www.ndu.edu.ng/

  37. University of Jos – Nigeria. website www.unijos.edu.ng/

  38. ATBU Official Website. https://www.atbu.edu.ng/

  39. Lead City University, Nigeria. website www.lcu.edu.ng/

  40. Paul University | Awka Nigeria. website www.pauluniversity.edu.ng/

  41. Bowen University

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INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE MARKERS IN MALARIAL INFECTED MICE RECEIVING PHYLLANTHUS AMARUS TREATMENT

INTRAOCULAR PRESSURE MARKERS IN MALARIAL INFECTED MICE RECEIVING PHYLLANTHUS  AMARUS  TREATMENT

ANIMAL PRODUCTION AND HEALTH TECH. PROJECT TOPICS

 

 

 

ABSTRACT

Phyllanthus amarus has been consistently reported as a rich herb having medicinal value and ethnomedical importance. It has been used to eliminate gallstone, malaria and some other aliments, but the effect of its use on changes in ocular glucose, proteins and lipids — analytes that influence intraocular pressure, has not been fully documented. So, in this study, the effect of ethanolic leaf extract of Phyllanthus amarus on the levels of ocular glucose, proteins and lipids was investigated using homogenized ocular tissue of experimental mice. Forty five (45) adult mice weighing between 22-27g were randomly divided into 9 groups  and used for the study. Group 1: normal control (uninfected and untreated mice) Group 2: malaria control (mice infected with plasmodium berghei and untreated) Group 3: parasitized (infected with P. Berghei treated with 100mg/kg P. amarus) Group 4: parasitized (infected with P. Berghei treated with 200mg/kg P. amarus) Group 5: parasitized (infected with P. Berghei treated with 300mg/kg P. amarus)

Group 6: parasitized (infected with P. Berghei treated with 5mg/kg chloroquine)

Group 7: uninfected but treated with 100mg/kg P .amarus Group 8: uninfected but treated with 200mg/kg P. amarus Group 9: uninfected but treated with 300mg/kg P. amarus .Each group was treated for

7days and on the 8th day the animals were scarificed under chloroform anaesthesia after an overnight fast. The mice eyes were carefully excised, rinsed in cold normal saline and prepared for the biochemical analysis of glucose, proteins and lipids using standard methods. Results show that Phyllanthus amarus administration (irrespective of dose) did not significantly (p>0.05) alter ocular glucose and protein levels, but increased (p<0.05) lipids (cholesterol and triglycerides) concentrations when compared with control values. The altered ocular lipid homeostasis may have some biochemical implications and clinical significance. This should be validated in further studies.

 

LIST OF TABLES

Table 1: glucose in the serum of p. berghei infected and uninfected mice treated with phyllanthus amarus leaf extract.    ———————————————————        25

Table 2: changes in blood cholesterol and triglyceride induced by plasmodium berghei infected mice    ——————————————————————————–       26

Table 3:  changes in blood albumin and total protein induced by p. berghei infected mice    —————————————————————————————————        27

Cover         ——————————————————————–      i

Title            ——————————————————————–    ii

Certification   —————————————————————-     iii

Dedication      ————————————————————–       iv

Acknowledgement   ——————————————————         v

Abstract         —————————————————————       vi

List of Tables   ————————————————————-     vii

Table of contents   ——————————————————-       viii

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION ———————————————————————–      1

1.1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY    ——————————————————-      1

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM    ——————————————————-        3

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY    ————————————————————-        4

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY    ——————————————————–        4

1.5 HYPOTHESIS    ————————————————————————–     5

1.6 BRIEF REVIEW OF RELEVANT LITERATURE    ———————————     5

1.7 BIOMAKERS   —————————————————————————-    5

1.8 RETINOPATHY    ————————————————————————   6

1.9 MUSCULAR ODEMA   —————————————————————–    6

1.10 WHAT IS MALARIA?    ———————————————————    7

1.11 CAUSES OF MALARIA       ———————————————————–     8

1.12 EPIDEMIOLOGY OF MALARIA         ———————————————-     8

1.13 GLOBAL AND GEOGRAPHICAL DISTRIBUTION OF MALARIA..   ——        9

1.14TRANSMISSION AND LIFE CYCLE OF PLASMODIUM PARASITE   —–      11

1.15 LIFE CIRCLE OF PLASMODIUM PARASITE   ———————————–    12

CHAPTER TWO   ——————————————————————————    14

  1. 0MATERIALS AND METHOD ——————————————————– 14

2.1 MATERIALS    —————————————————————————–    14

2.2 METHODS    ——————————————————————————–   14

2.2.1 ANIMALS CARE AND HANDLING    ———————————————    14

2.2.2 ANIMAL GROUPING AND INOCULATION WITH PLASMODIUM BERGHEI    —————————————————————————————————–     15

2.2.3 ANIMAL SACRIFICE AND COLLECTION OF SPECIMEN    —————-     16

2.2.4 ANALYSIS OF SPECIMEN   ———————————————————-   16

 

2.3 GLUCOSE ESTIMATION    ———————————————————–    16

2.3.1 REACTION PRINCIPLE    ———————————————————-     16

2.3.2 PROCEDURE    ———————————————————————–     17

 

2.4 TOTAL CHOLESTEROL ESTIMATION    ——————————————   17

2.4.1 PRINCIPLE    ————————————————————————–     17

2.4.2 EQUATION    ————————————————————————–    17

2.4.3 PROCEDURE    ————————————————————————    18

2.4.4 CALCULATION    ———————————————————————   19

 

2.5. TRIGLYCERIDE ESTIMATION    —————————————————    19

2.5.1 PRINCIPLE    ————————————————————————–     19

2.5.2 EQUATION    —————————————————————————   20

2.5.3 PROCEDURE    ———————————————————————–     20

2.5.4 CALCULATION    ——————————————————————–    21

 

2.6 TOTAL PROTEIN ———————————————————————-     21

2.6.1 PRINCIPLE    ————————————————————————–     21

2.6.2 PROCEDURE    ———————————————————————–     21

2.6.3 CALCULATION    ——————————————————————–     22

 

2.7 ALBUMIN ———————————————————————————–22

2.7.1 PRINCIPLE    ————————————————————————–      22

2.7.2 PROCEDURE    ———————————————————————–      23

2.7.3 CALCULATION    ——————————————————————–     23

2.7.4 STATISTICAL ANALYSIS ————————————————————– 24

CHAPTER THREE    —————————————————————————   25

3.0 RESULTS    ———————————————————————————-   25

CHAPTER FOUR    —————————————————————————–   28

4.0 DICUSSION    ——————————————————————————    28

4.1 CONCLUSION    —————————————————————————– 29

REFERENCES   —————————————————————————30

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.1     INTRODUCTION

1.1.1. BACKGROUND OF STUDY

Nature can be considered as the ultimate chemist, about 80% of the world inhabitants still depend on natural products that have inspired chemists and physicians for years because of their rich structural diversity and complexity considerable advances have been obtained for the understanding of natural product biosynthesis in the recent decades.

Malaria, a mosquito borne infectious disease is endemic in the tropical and sub tropical regions of the world (Ahimanah et al., 2000). It is a deadly disease which lowers life expectancy and a major cause of infant mortality in highly endemic areas (WHO, 2011).

Malaria infection in humans and animals is caused by the Plasmodium. Several species of Plasmodium have the ability to cause malaria in animals, including rodents (mice). These parasites are not direct practical concern to man or his domestic animals. The interest of these parasites is that they are practical model organism in the laboratory for the experimental study of human malaria.

Plasmodium berghei is considered a comparable genetic model to human There is a high degree of genetic conservation this up to 99% (pennachio, 2003) and it is well established that mice also exhibit natural differences in susceptibility to malaria infection (Greenberg et al., 1954). P. berghei is transmitted by Anopheles mosquito and it infects the liver after being injected into the blood stream by the bite of the infected female mosquito. After a few days of development and multiplication, these parasites leave the liver and invade erythrocyte (red blood cells). The multiplication causes Anemia and damage essential organs in the body. P. berghei infection also affects the brain and can cause cerebral complications in laboratory mice.

The plant, phyllanthus schumach (Euphorbiaceac) is commonly known as bhuirali Usually occurs in Asain, Maharashitra, Burma, Nicobar, Islands malesia and America. Phyllanthus amarus schumach is a native to Americans (van Holthoon, 1999). Phyllanthus amarus is small, erect, annual herb that grows 30-40cm in height which is indigenous to the rain forests of the Amazon and other tropical areas throughout the world including America, India and Nigeria. The Spanish name of the plant, chanca piedra, means stone breaker, wind breaker, gulf leaf flower or gala of wind (Celia, A.  et al., 2006).

Phyllanthus amarus is an Ayurvedic system of medicine which is used in the problems of stomach, genitourinary system, liver, kidney, and spleen, it plays an important role in Ayurvedia, an Indian system of medicine and it is used to treat jaundice, gastropathy, diarrhea, dysentery, fevers, scabies, gential, infections, ulcers, and wounds (Patel et al., 2011).

The different plant parts are ethnobotanically used in various diseases and disorders. For example, the leaves are used as expectorant and diaphoretic and the fruits as carminative, laxative, astringent. Diuretic and tonic to the liver. The juice or extract of its thinner roots and young leaves are taken internally to stimulate the kidney. Heyne recorded its uses in the Dutch  Indies (Indonesia) for stomach, aches, gonorrhoea and children cough (Karuna,  et al., 2009).

Research have shown that the plant has demonstrated anti-viral property against hepatitis B virus (Boeira  et al., 2 011), hepatoprotective (Amin,  et al., 2013), anticarcinogenic (Rajeshkumar,  et al., 2002), antimutagenics, anti-nociceptive and anti-inflammatory (Obidike,  et al., 2010), anti-diabetics (Okoli, et al., 2011) and antilipidermic (Khanna,  et al.,  2002) activities.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

Since malaria has been speculated to alter biochemical functions of organs of the body such as brain, liver, heart, and spleen, this research is designed to know if such biochemical alternations also include changes in the intraocular pressure markers in experimental mice. Phyllanthus amarus is a medicinal herb used for the treatment of several diseases including malarial infection. In southern Nigeria the utilization of Phyllanthus amarus is popular but whether it improves or disturbs

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1 SERUM ELECTROLYTES/UREA/CREATININE IN PREGNANT WOMEN WITH MALARIA PARASITAEMIA

2  A SEMINAR TOPIC:   HEPATOPROTECTIVE ACTIVITY OF THE LEAF EXTRACT OF CLERODENDRUM POLYCEPHALUM AGAINST CARBONTETRACHLORIDE INDUCED LIVER INJURY IN RATS

3   HISTOLOGICAL EFFECT OF MOJU POWDER AND ITS ADMIXTURES ON THE SKIN OF A TWO (2) WEEKS OLD ALBINO WISTAR MICE

4  URINARY TRACT INFECTIONS IN ADULT STUDENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF NIGERIA, ENUGU CAMPUS

5  PROJECT SEMINAR  ON UPPER URINARY TRACT INFECTION IN ADULTS (MALE AND FEMALE) 27 PAGES

6   HAEMATINIC ACTIVITY OF METHANOLIC CRUDE SEED EXTRACT OF ARTOCARPUS ALTILIS IN ANAEMIC INDUCED ALBINO WISTAR RATS

7     THE ANTI-HYPERGLYCAEMIC EFFECT OF LEAF

EXTRACT OF TAPINANTHUS HETEROMORPHUS

 (FAMILY: LORANTHACEAE) IN NORMAL GLUCOSE FED AND ALLOXAN – INDUCED DIABETIC RAT

8   AN EVALUATION OF THE ACCURACY OF ULTRASOUND

IN THE DETECTION OF HEPATITIS

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9   ASSOCIATION BETWEEN SECRETOR STATUS, HAEMOGLOBIN GENOTYPE,

BLOOD GROUPS, PROTHROMBIN TIME (PT), AND ACTIVATED PARTIAL THROMBOPLASTIN TIME (APTT)  AMONG THE UNDERGRADUATE STUDENTS

10   PERCEPTION OF DISEASE SYMPTOMATOLOGY AND CONSEQUENT RESPONSE BY UNDERGRADUATES IN ENUGU METROPOLIS

 

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DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF CLUB SIDE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM

DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION OF CLUB SIDE MANAGEMENT INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY SYSTEM

(CASE STUDY OF ENUGU RANGERS MANAGEMENT BOARD)

 

 

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ABSTRACT

Nigeria is a seller loving country as football is being played all levels in a curbside there are venous farms representing various clubs in Nigeria. Club scale is a team sports played by eleven (ii) players (male or females) a earth such side of the opposites team. One of each team must be the goal keeper. Usually the gave may not, if are side or both presents less than ii players. The players. Seek to advance a round reflected leather or (rubber ball) forwards and between an opponents goal post and under crossbar ,, by either ticking scribbling or pushing it with any part of the body except curbside as gave which are played on national and international levels and have their governing bodies. They are usually played according to the rules loud down by the governing bodies they include sclera, Basket ball, hard ball volley ball etc. base on these sports and gone above, we Base on now discuss the following sport chibside as followers.

 

 

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

INTRODUCTION

  • Over view
  • The aim of study
  • Statement of problem
    • Purpose of Study
  • justification of work
  • Limitation of Study
  • Methodology

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review

 

CHAPTER THREE

  • Description and Analysis of the Existing System
  • Method of Data Collection used.
    • Interview method.
    • Reference to written text
  • Input Analysis
  • Process Analysis
  • Output Analysis
  • Problem of the Existing System
  • Justification for the new System

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0     Design of the New system

  • Output Specification and Design
  • Input Specification and Design
  • File Design
  • Procedure Chart
  • System Flowchart
  • System Requirement

 

CHAPTER FIVE

Implementation of the new System

  • Program Design
  • Program Flowchart
  • Pseudo code
  • Source Using

 

CHAPTER SIX

Documentation

 

CHAPTER SEVEN

Recommendation Conclusion and

References

CHAPTER ONE

 

INTRODUCTION

  • OVER VIEW

Club scale is originated from Sunland in 1848. the advocate of foot ball met in Cambridge to drown up list of rules which because know as the Cambridge rules thus meeting was not sufficient that some school of through favour carrying the ball as permitted by Ref by. This result was favoured. In 1863 this group formed a football association called London football association. This body Exited until the formation of the federation of international football (FIFH) in 1904.

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  • AIMS AND OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

The aims and objectives of the study are as follow

  1. Develop of gave software for the club
  2. To unite the youths of the country after.
  • To fish out hidden sports men and women that will represent the country at international competitions.
  1. Any hosting state builds every sports faculty needed for all sports. This helps to develop sports from state to state competition is held every two years.

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

There are specific offences by a player is panelized by. The evolved of a direct free fuk to the opposing scale in club during the of competition in league. If the offence is committed in a player is awarded planarity to the opponent the offence are changing an opponent violently. Holding and pushing of opponent by had

 

 

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