EMPLOYEE PARTICIPATION IN DECISION MAKING AND ORGANIZATIONAL COMMITMENT (A CASE STUDY OF NEAP, ENUGU DISTRICT)
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The need and aspiration of individuals in an organization are of prime importance to employee. The organization in the other hand sets defined objectives which it strives to accomplish through the employees. The management thus tends to adapt appropriate managerial perspectives in order to fulfill the two set needs for mutual benefits.
This study attempts to find out the dominant factor on how employee participation in decision making in NEPA, Enugu District co-relates with its commitment to the organization.
In doing this, questionnaires were administered among the managers and staff of the organization. During the period of data gathering, the establishment has a total work force of four hundred and seventy (470) staff.
The simple random sampling method was used because of its suitability. After conducting the sampling method, eighty-two (82) employees were selected for this study. This number is made up five (5) managers, five (5) supervisors/officers, sixty seven (67) service staff and five (5) secretaries. It should be noted that the formular which is used for this simple random sampling is the one propounded by Yamani.
Other methods of data collection used in this project work are oral interview and library research.
From the empirical data gathered, the study has shown that majority of workers in NEPA, Enugu.
TABLE OF CONTENTS
- Background of the Study 1
- Statement of Problems 3
- Purpose of the Study 4
- Research Questions 5
- Significance of the Study 6
- Scope/Limitation of the Study 8
- Definition of Terms 9
Review of Related Literature 12
- The Concept of Employee Participation 12
- Historical Review of NEPA 14
- Degree of Employee Participation in Decision Making 17
- Organization Commitment to Goal 18
- Employee Participation: Theoretical Perspective 22
- Participation as a Tool in Managing Change 22
Methodology and Research Design 28
- Research Design 28
- Area of Study 29
- Population of the Study 29
- Sample & Sampling Procedure/Technique 29
- Instrument of Data Collection 30
- Method of Data Collection 32
- Method of Data Analysis 33
Data Presentation and Analysis 35
Findings, Conclusion & Recommendations 48
- Findings 48
- Recommendations 50
- Conclusion 52
1.1 BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY
Decision making is defined as the process of selecting among alternatives. Decision making is implicitly aimed at picking on alternative solution, which when applied, can solve a given problem. It involves three district stages, namely: intelligence stage which comprises attempt to identify and understand the nature of a solution. The design stage which involves formulating and assessing alternatives. And the choice phase which only entails selecting among possible alternatives.
In organization, particularly business organizations which NEPA is one, decision making is not properly carried out with the result that organizational goals and objectives are not being effectively met. Managers tend to formulate, assess and choose alternatives all alone without the contribution of their employees who have the duty of implementing whatever alternatives they have choosen. The implication is that they disregard certain needs of the employees which must be fulfitted in the decision making process. These needs include performing a worthwhile task, continual personal growth and enjoying self-fulfillment, sharing a in group effort, sharing in setting their objectives, sharing in rewards of their effort. If managers allow employees to play a part in making decision that directly affect them, the employees will show more commitment to carry out the details of these decisions since the decision will generally suit their level of aspiration and this will go well with them.
This study will examine the extent of which employee participate in decision making, organizational commitment and favourable work attitude in NEPA district Enugu. Employee participation in decision making and organizational commitment have two key concepts in this study, which refers to managerial approach whereby workers or employees are allowed to take part in making decisions which affect them in an organization. Employee participation has been defined as mental and emotional involvement of persons in group situations that encourage them to contribute to group goals, objective and share responsibility for them. It spots light on the degree of authority enjoyed by the employee in decision making process. It should be noted that management styles are as follows; autocratic, benevolent autocratic, consultative participative and radically participative. The later organizational commitment represents an agreement on the part of the employees with the goals and objectives of the organization and a willingness to work towards these goals. But employees are more favourably disposed towards giving off very best as it concerns the overall aspiration of their organization. The terms will however be more explained afterwards.
1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM
The unending cry all over the country is that the average Nigeria workers commitment to his work and organization often feels indifferent and less concerned to the goals and objectives of the organization where his work is an unfortunate development that should worry the likes of those who genuinely love Nigeria and would love to see it properly