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library and info. project material sample

Users patronage in the institute of management and technology

Users patronage in the institute of management and technology,

Enugu library

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   Introduction – –      –      –      –      –      –      1

  • The background of the study – –      –      3
  • Statement of the problem –      –      –      4
  • Objective of the study –      –      –      –      5
  • Scope of the study – –      –      –      –      6
  • Significance of the study –      –      –      7

1.6a Research questions       –      –      –      –      –      8

1.6b Hypothesis     –      –      —     –      –      –      9

1.7 Definition of terms – –      –      –      –      –      10

 

CHAPTER TWO

2.1 Review of related literature –   –      –      –      12

2.2   Sources of funding of academic libraries     17

2.3   The caliber of library staff     –      –      –      19

2.4    Need for user education in academic library       21

2.5  Users of academic library and their

material needed  – –      –      –      –      –      24

2.6   Problems of academic library       –      –      27

2.7   Motivating users to make use of the library        31

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1 Design of the study –       –      –      –      –      34

3.2 Area of study – –      –      –      –      –      –      34

3.3 Population –     –      –      –      –      –      –      35

3.4 Sample and Sampling Technique   –      –      35

3.5 Instrumentation      –      –      –      –      –      36

3.61 Validity of instrument – –      –      –      –      36

3.6.2 Reliability of instrument/Test  –  –      –      37

3.7 Distribution and retrieval of the instruments       37

3.8 Data analysis technique –       –      –      –      –      37

 

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation and Analysis of Data

4.1 Presentation and data/findings –   –      –      39

 

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Summary –      –      –      –      –      –      –      50

5.2 Conclusion –    –      –      –      –      –      –      52

5.3 Recommendations – –      –      –      –      –      53

5.4 Suggestions for further studies –    –      –      54

Bibliography – –      –      –      –      –      –      –      56

Appendix A –   –      –      –      –      –      –      –      59

Appendix B –  –      –      –      –      –      –      –      60

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

Library is the back bone of every sound education. Library is regarded as the store house of information and knowledge. Students should be able to use the library to enable them solve their problems. They need to acquire information in order to expand their knowledge and understanding; students should use the library to do their assignments, research and preparation of their examination. Regular consultation of library materials can help students to achieve them.

According to Longman Dictionary of Contemporary English, library is defied as a room or building containing books that can be looked at or borrowed or a set of books, records etc. that are produced by the same company and have the same general appearance.

According to encyclopedia Americana, the word library is derived from the Latin word libber. Meaning “book” the library initially stocked collections of clay tablets, papyrus and even scrolls were housed in libraries long before the concept of the book emerged.

In other words the library is a place where books and non book materials are kept for consultation of the users. Library is referred as a store house of information. Library stores the intellectual records of the society, retrieve and decimate them for the benefit of the society. Library as an institution has the responsibility of collecting books and other information materials and make them available to people for reading, study or reference.

People use library resources to obtain information of personal interest or to obtain recreational materials such as films and novels. Students use library to supplement and enhance their classroom experiences, to learn skills in locating sources of information and to develop good reading and study habits. Public officers use libraries to research on legislation and public policy issues. They provide information and services that are important to learning and progress.

 

1.1  BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY

Users patronage of the institute of management and Technology Enugu library.

The institute of management and Technology Enugu library was as old as parent organization. It was established in 1973. The library was formerly located in campus (II) of the institution with a branch in campus (III). But in 2002, the library was located in campus (III) fully with the construction of new library of congress in campus III. The library has 480,000 volumes of books. It has been growing from strength to strength. The library consists of the following Sections/Departments. Cataloguing and classification Department, Bindery and acquisition Department, Serials/ Government Document Department.

 

1.2 STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

This project is to find out the problems that libraries in our Country are facing, for example inadequate use of library both Academic library and other types of libraries inadequate trained staff or libraries who will be guiding or directing students.

Poor finding of the libraries, especially Academic library, it faces the problem of money to acquire their materials. Un conducive atmosphere such as noisy environment.

   Inadequate strategic position where the library should be situated for easy entrance of people, for effective use of library by students and others, these problems must be solved.

 

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF THE STUDY

The purpose of this study is to investigate the quality of students’ patronage of the institute of management and Technology library Enugu as stated in the following objectives.

  • To determine who are the users of the institute of management and Technology Enugu library.
  • To find out what collection development exists in the library.
  • To asses the teaching of use of library.
  • To find out how effectively the library holdings will made use of the library.
  • To examine the quality of the library staff.

 

1.4 SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This study is focused on the users patronage of the institute of management and Technology Enugu library. This study is within the institution. The students to study are the old students, this group of peoples are choose because they have been in the school for a long period. They have acquainted with the school environment.

 

1.5  SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY               

Since Academic library is part of the parent organization, students of the institution are advice to be making effective use of library because it was established for the benefit of students. Academic library plays a vital role of teaching, research, dissemination of information and serve people that live around the area. In academic library, materials are provided to support learning as well provides materials that will assist students in their own personal reading and self development. This project serves as a reference point of other schools and libraries because after reading it amendment can be made to their own library. It helps them to know the areas where they will play a vital role in the educational upliftment of the student in the library. It will serve as a reference point to the researchers as well as draw the attention of the government both state and federal government to the importation of library to an individual. It will attract the attention of those students who find it difficult to use library, it will help them to make library their second home.

 

1.6a       RESEARCH QUESTIONS                   

[1]    Who are the users of the institute of Management and Technology Enugu library?

[2]    What collection development problems exist in the library?

[3]    How effectively is the library holdings are made use of?

[4]    How does the library staff relate to students in finding their needed information?

1.6b        HYPOTHESIS

[1]    The students of institute of Management and Technology Enugu are the users’ of institute of Management and Technology Enugu library.

[2]    The collection Development problems exist in the institute of Management and Technology Enugu library are science and engineering materials.

[3]    The library holdings are made effectively in the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu library everyday but the peak period is during the examination.

[4]    The staff of the Institute of Management and Technology Enugu library helps them in finding their needed information.                                                                                                                                                                     

DEFINITION OF TERMS

According to oxford Advance Learners Dictionary. User’s are defined as a person or thing that uses something.

Patronage is defined as the support, especially financial, that is given to a person or to an organization by a portion.

According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary, Institution is defined as a large important organization that has a particular purpose for example a University or bank.

According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary Management is defined as the act of running and controlling a business or similar organization.

According to Oxford Advanced Learners Dictionary Technology is defined as scientific knowledge used in practical ways in industry, for example in designing new machine.

According to Advanced Learners Dictionary, Library is defined as a building in which collections of books, tapes, news papers etc are kept for people to read, study or borrow.

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Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.

Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l

 Account Number:  0117780667. 

Swift Code: GTBINGLA  Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANK SECURITY FOR GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

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The problems and prospect of reference services in academic libraries in anambra state.

The problems and prospect of reference services in academic libraries in anambra state.

a case study of anambra state university, uli.

Chapter one

Introduction

  • Background of the study – –      –      –      1
  • Statement of the problem – –      –      –      6
  • Purpose of the study –  –      –      –      –      8
  • Research questions –    —     –      –      –      9
  • Significance of the study – –      –      –      10
  • Scope of the study –      –      –      –      –      11
  • Definition of the terms –       –      –      –      12

 

Chapter two

Literature review

2.1   introduction – –      –      –     –      –      –      14

2.2   reference material and source  –           –      16

2.3   staffing of the reference section    –     –      17

2.4   management of reference section  –     –      18

2.5   problem facing reference section-         –      19

 

Chapter three

Methodology

3.1   design of the study –      –      –      –      –      22

3.2   area of the study –  –      –      –      –      –      23

3.3  population of the study –      –      –      –      23

3.4   sample and sampling techniques –      –      23

3.5   instrument for data collection –    –      –      24

3.6   validation of the study – –      –      –      –      25

3.7   reliability of the instrument –       –      –      25

3.8   distribution and retrieval of instrument      26 3.8        data analysis –       –      –      –      –      –      26

 

Chapter four

4.1   data analysis, presentation of result and discussion of findings  –       –      –      –      –      28

 

Chapter five

Summary, conclusion and recommendations

5.1   summary –      –      –      –      –      –      –      33

5.2   conclusion –    –      –      –      –      –      –      35

5.3   recommendation –  –      –      –      –      –      36

References –    –      –      –      –      –      –      39

Appendix i –    –      –      –      –      –      –      41

Appendix ii     –     –      –      –      –      –      42


Abstract

This project is aimed at examining the problems and prospects of reference services in academic librarians, using the anambra state university uli campus library as a case study and how to evaluate the strength and weakness of the reference services in an academic librarian. It will also help to know the problems caused by the library clientele and profile solution toward the problems. This project work is design to know the functions of reference librarian and services to make prospect in the reference section of a library. Chapter one of this project works treats background to the study, research questions, significance of the study, scope and limitation of the study, definition of some terms as it concerns to this work. Chapter two treats literature review which covers areas like reference materials, staffing of the reference section, management of reference section, problem facing reference section. Chapter three treat methodology which comprises of research design, population of the study, sample and sampling technologies, research instrument, and method of data analysis. Chapter four treats data analysis, presentation of result and discussion of findings. While chapter five treats summary of the work conclusion and recommendation for further study.

 


 

Chapter one

Introduction

  • Background to the study

Reference service is one of the essential services of the library. Meaning reference service is the activities, roles, functions and services rendered by the reference librarian constitute reference service. According to prytherch, (2002) he states that: “reference service deal with the provision of reference work by library staff”.

According to ohio library council, (2005) reference services is “a way for libraries to meet the needs of their user (clientele) communities”. Reference service involves instructing clients to operate independently and at own pace to uses electronic and print resources of the library, it also involved personal assistance given to the users to enable them meet their needs.

James (2005) states that reference work started in the late 19th and early 20th centuries to respond to several forces and trends. In the next several decades from the 1930s through the 1950s, a new technology that provides, access to the library to a lager member and much wider variety of people was introduce. That technology is obviously, the telephone and the reference literature of the day speaks of its advantages but also its challenges. For example, having distinguished between “important questions coming in via the telephone those business men and involving important topics from less important” ones from club woman planning programs, context questions like should this service be centralized or dispersed? Should it be staffed differently from the desk? What information resources should be dedicated to it? And many more.

According to (ala rusa, 2008) reference service includes reference transactions and other activities that involve the creation, management, and assessment of information or research resources, tools and services. Creation and management of information resources includes the development and maintenance of research collections, research guide, catalogues, database, web-sites, search engines etc that patrons can use independently, in-house or remotely to satisfy their information needs. Assessment activities include the measurement and evaluation of reference work, resources and services.

According to esharenana, (2008) sees reference section as that section of library which provide a variety of services and perform functions necessary to assist the users including provision of information service on demand and in providing institution in the use of library, selected of documents and organization of reference materials.

According to obiora, (2004) states that reference sources are publications – book and non-book materials consulted only within the library for specific facts or definite piece of information on a subject. There are two types of reference sources, general reference sources which include encyclopedia, directories, dictionaries, yearbooks and handbook while special or subject reference sources are mathematics, biology, and library science.

According to esharenana, (2008) states that reference question is a sentence, phrase or word posed by a patron to the reference librarian asking for information or assistance in order to meet the need.

According to ramum (2003) reference policy is regarded as a kind of set of plan and as a kind of framework within which reference staff and clienteles work.

Ahi rusa, (2003) states that a reference librarians is person that provides reference service. He should posses a wide range of intellectual interest, desire to assist the patrons, flair for organizing documents ability to search literature and adequate knowledge of the library and external resources.

According to scott (2007) is pubic service counter where professional librarian provide library users with direction on how to make use of library materials, advise on library collection and services and expertise on multiple kinds of information from multiple sources.

According to anderson (2005) digital reference is a service and the reference transaction is a computer mediated communication.

 

  • Statement of problems

The aim of this study is to critically analyze the problems and prospect towards the services in the reference section and equally to view the problems that have prevented it from executing effectively and efficiently the bibliographical functions in the library.

One observes that the very rapid expansion of our reference sources have reached a stage of concern. One finds that the library does not tackle the problem of acquisition of up-to-date reference materials like journals to keep the clienteles (students and lecturers even the parent institution) abreast of the new trends in their various field of study.

Development of the reference collection and organization which effect in the backbone of a reference eservice should also be looked into. A maximum attention would equally be paid to the relevance of the exiting services, to see how it meet the needs of the patrons, because the effective use of these materials depends on the services provided by the reference personnel or librarians.

 

  • Purpose of study

The purpose of this study is to know the problems and prospect of reference services. Therefore the researcher will be able to find out the following purposes:

  1. To know if the reference section of the academic library is well organized.
  2. To know if there reference services are being rendered in line with other reference services in other libraries.
  • To identify the strength and weakness of the library’s reference collection because any effective reference service may not be feasible without an appropriate and adequate reference collection.
  1. To enable the researcher carry out the findings so that to make recommendation for effective reference services in the library.
  2. To take the library to another level through the reference services.

 

  • Research questions

For the success of this study, this study demands an answer to the following questions:

  1. Is the reference section of the academic library adequately organized to perform its functions?
  2. To what extent can the reference materials in the library said to be appropriate for the needs of the clientele?
  • Are the reference services being rendered in-line with other reference services in other libraries?
  1. Does the library make available all the useful reference materials needed by the users for them?
  2. Does the library clientele find it easy with the reference librarian in terms of research?

 

  • Significance of the study
  1. This study will lay on the reference services in academic library users.
  2. It will provide a useful information on how reference services are being searched by the users.
  3. It demonstrates to library staff the feelings of its clientele towards the type of reference materials they provide for them.
  4. The recommendation to the made will be the one that if implemented will enhance an effective reference information services of the library to its user.
  5. To enable adequate access to the materials be the library users.

 

  • Scope of the study

This study is restricted to the university of anambra state uli campus library. The reference services rendered to the users are deeply discussed.

Reasonable conclusion and recommendation was made because of limited time and space placed on this research, make it impossible to evaluate in details everything about the problems and prospect of anambra state university reference library section. Only activities performed in the library and the general overview of their statistical record and their reference materials have been look into.

The quality of staff was also evaluated, the nature of their work and services towards their users.

 

  • Definition of terms

Reference services:     according to ala, (2008) reference service involves reference activities that includes the creation, management and assessment of information, research resources, tools and services. Creation and management of information resources include the development and maintenance of research collections, catalogues, research guides, databases, web-sites, search engines etc.

So that patrons can use independently to satisfy their information needs. Therefore reference is sees to be an act of documenting important materials for future use while services is the ability to make sure that reference section is functioning effectively. It deals with provision of reference work by library staff.

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COMPLETE MATERIAL  COST  N2,500 Or $10.  FRESH  PROJECT MATERIAL  COST 50,000 NAIRA FOR UNDERGRADUATE, OTHERS 100,000 -200,000 NAIRA.

MAKE YOUR PAYMENT  INTO ANY OF THE FOLLOWING BANKS:
GTBANK Account Name : Chi E-Concept Int’l ACCOUNT
NUMBER:  0115939447
First Bank: Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment : Bank Name: GTBank

Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.

Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l

 Account Number:  0117780667. 

Swift Code: GTBINGLA  Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

ATM CARD:  YOU CAN ALSO MAKE PAYMENT USING YOUR ATM CARD OR ONLINE TRANSFER. PLEASE CONTACT YOUR BANK SECURITY FOR GUIDE ON HOW TO TRANSFER MONEY TO OTHER BANKS USING YOUR ATM CARD. ATM CARD OR ONLINE BANK TRANSFER IS FASTER FOR QUICK DELIVERY TO YOUR EMAIL . OUR MARKETER WILL RESPOND TO YOU ANY TIME OF THE DAY. WE SUPPORT CBN CASHLESS SOCIETY. 

OR PAY ONLINE USING YOUR ATM CARD. IT IS SECURED AND RELIABLE.

Enter Amount

form>DELIVERY PERIOD FOR BANK PAYMENT IS  LESS THAN 24 HOURS CALL OUR  CUSTOMERS CARE  OKEKE CHIDI C ON :  08074466939,08063386834. AFTER PAYMENT SEND YOUR PAYMENT DETAILS TO 08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 2 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT. WE HAVE SECURITY IN OUR BUSINESS.   

MONEY BACK GUARANTEE


 

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The classification and knowledge development by technical librarians in academic libraries in anambra state.

The classification and knowledge development by technical librarians in academic libraries in anambra state.

 

Table of Contents

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   Introduction – –      –      –      –      –      –      1

  • Background of the study – –      –      –      4
  • Statement of the problem – –      –      –      8
  • Purpose of the study –  –      –      –      –      9
  • Significance of the study – –      –      –      11
  • Research questions –    —     –      –      –      12
  • Scope of the study –      –      –      –      –      12
  • Limitation of the study –      –      –      –      13
  • Definition of the terms –       –      –      –      14

 

CHAPTER TWO

LITERATURE REVIEW

2.0   Introduction – –      –      –     –      –      –      14

2.1   The concept/meaning of classification and

Knowledge development in academic libraries    18

2.2   Knowledge development in libraries             20

2.3   Important of library classification         –     –      22

2.4   Types of library classification scheme  –      25

2.5   Library and information education and

Training –       –      –      –      –      –      –      27

2.6   The technical section of the library      –      29

2.7   The economic value of information and

knowledge –    –      –      –      —             –      33

2.8   Other initiative that facilitate access to

knowledge and information in African –              35

2.9   The role of academic libraries       –      –      37

2.10  The role of innovation libraries and

Information services      –      –      –      –      38

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.0   Research Methodology – –      –      –      –      40

3.1   Design of the study –     –      –      –      –      40

3.2   Area of the study – –      –      –      –      –      41

3.3  Population of the study –      –      –      –      41

3.4   Sample and sampling techniques –      –      42

3.5   Instrument for data collection –    –      –      43

3.6   Validation of the study –       –      –      –      –      44

3.7   Reliability of the instrument –      –      –      44

3.8   Distribution and retrieval of instrument      44 3.8        Method of data analysis –      –      –      –      45

 

CHAPTER FOUR

4.0   Data presentation and analysis    –      –      46

4.1   Presentation of findings –      –      –      –      46

4.2   Discussion/analysis of findings   –      –      53

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY OF FINDINGS, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATIONS

5.1   Summary of findings-    –      –      –      –      55

5.2   Conclusion –   –      –      –      –      –      –      56

5.3   Recommendations –      –      –      –      –      58

5.4   Area for further studies –       –      –      –      59

References –    –      –      –      –      –      –      61

Appendix A –   –      –      –      –      –      –      63

Appendix B     –     –      –      –      –      –      64


ABSTRACT

The major purpose of this work was to investigation classification and knowledge development by technical librarians in academic libraries in Anambra State it was also directed to find out the factors militating against effective knowledge development in academic libraries, survey design was considered most appropriate and was adopted. The population of the study was 400,000 people while the sample sizes was 400 respondents selected using the Taro Yamane formula for sample selection. It was found out that inadequate facilities is one of the factors affecting knowledge development in academic libraries in Anambra State. It was found out there was lack of accessibility and utilization of academic libraries in Anambra State. In conclusion, it was concluded that Anambra State has been described by researchers as a failed state due to it’s incapacitations to provide enabling environment for knowledge development in academic libraries. It was recommended that both Anambra State and private individuals should join hands in building up effective academic libraries which will enhance effective knowledge development in Anambra State, the researcher also brought forward. ICTs knowledge development in academic library as the area for further research work in Anambra State.


 

CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

Library classification forms part of the field of library and information science. It was a form of bibliographic classification (library classification are used in library catalogues, while “bibliographic classification”, also covers classification used in other kinds of bibliographic data bases). It goes hand in hand with cataloguing and classification, sometimes grouped together as technical services. The library professionals who engages in the process of cataloguing and classifying library materials is called a cataloguer or catalog librarian. Library classification scheme are one of the two tools used to facilitate subject access. The other consist of alphabetical indexing language such as Thesauri and subject headings.

Library classification of a piece of work consists of two steps. Firstly, the aboutness of the material is ascertained. Next, a call number (essentially, a book’s address) based on the classification scheme in use at the particular library will be assigned to the work using the notation of the systems.

However, a library classification is a system of grouping the like terms and separating them from the unlike one’s. library classification documents library materials or any information (books), serials, audio visual material, computer files, maps manuscripts, realia) according to their subject and allocating a call number (information needed) to that information resources. Bibliographic classification schemes group entitles together that are relevant the same subject, typically arrange in a hierarchical tree structure (like classification schemes used in biology). A different kind of classification scheme called a faceted classification scheme is also widely used which allows the assignment. It multiple classifications to an objects, enabling the classification to be orderly in multiple ways. Barr Jim (2009) knowledge management is about cooperation and contact.

It is important to note that unlike subject headings or thesauri where multiple terms can be assigned to the same work, in library classification schemes, each work can be placed in one class. This is due to shelving purposes. A book can have only one physical place. However, in cataloguing one may have main entries as well as added entries most classification scheme like Dewey Decimal Classification (DDC) and library of congress classification scheme also add a cutter number to each work which adds code for the author of the work.

Classification system in libraries generally play two roles. Firstly, they facilitate subject access by alloying the user to find out what is available in a give library on a particular topic. Secondly, they provide a known location for the information source to be accessed leg where it is shelved.

Lawrence Sand Giles CL (2006) Accessibility Information on the web nature.

 

  • BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

Library plays a very important role in this economic and industrial development of developed countries. As early as 1995, Ifidon (1995) demonstrated how libraries (i.e academic, public and special libraries) were important building blocks in the economic and industrial development of developed countries Ifidon (2005) documented several information services that were provided by libraries in Canada, Germany and United Kingdom (UK) to the industry. Community which includes: providing access to patents… informations, reference services borrowing privileges, current awareness services, inter library cooperations, translation services etc. The range of these services varied according to the resources which can be tapped and the financial support given by local government and industries. A study of Kansas public libraries in the United States of America also showed that nearly a third of business and economic development organization in all pars of the state used public libraries as a resources high proportions of business that have their own libraries also use the resources and services of public libraries in most cases in the United State of America (USA) such as library system of Lancaster Country (PA) and the Cecil Country (MD) public library. Small Business Information Centre (Hamilton Pennell, 2008).

Most libraries in African are still in a weak position to successful playing their roles in economic and industrial development. Libraries are still tied in the traditional role of providing access to information resources by only acquiring processing and disseminating library materials.

Originally libraries were small, served the monitory and possessed a collection of books imported from colonial countries. This situation has not changed even when independence came to many African states. Most libraries have renamed with the Tittle content generated from the north, as their development was ignored in favour of the efforts to uplift poverty. Further, the rising cost of journal prices and adequate and expensive distribution mechanisms on knowledge and innovations in Africa have also inhabited libraries to provide access to updated and relevant literature for economic growth and industrial development journal subscriptions normally increase at rate of 11.16% every year beyond the reach of many institutions in Africa Ngika, (2006).

Academic libraries are among the best developed libraries in Africa and they can play a great role in serving the industry community. These libraries are well equipped.

However, there is a significant variation in there development and growth both in quality because their support mainly comes from their institutions with minimum subsidization they receive from government or other affiliations (Ocholla, 2008) despite the development of ICT, changing nature it will also serve as a guide line for the students scholars in library and information science field of study.

It will also serve as books of record in the field of information science.

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEMS

It is a common knowledge that the viability of academic library have not been explored nor utilized. This is because of the excruciating in effective equipment of libraries in the Nigerian contemporary societies which has been culminating to the traumatizing non-challant attitude of the masses towards sourcing information from libraries, lack of interest in academic study cum knowledge acquisitions from academic libraries in Anambra State. It is unfortunate that Anambra is a failed state in regards to library building and knowledge acquisitions this is demonstrated by the past governments of Anambra State on their failure to support effective library buildings in the state, which has been stigmatizing (militating) knowledge exploration in the academic setting which demoralizes the interested researchers (readers) in Anambra State for the past twelve years in which knowledge development in Academic Library has become a past history in Anambra State

 

  • PURPOSE OF THE STUDY

In line with the statement of the problems of this study which are not limited to the excruciating lack of effective support towards equipping academic libraries non-challant attitude of masses towards gaining new knowledge from academic libraries lack of proper library classification which makes information difficult for the researches, this work aims to the following;

  • To find out factors affecting classification and knowledge development by technical librarians in Academic Libraries in the state.
  • To recommend the most possible solutions to those identified factors (affecting) militating against effective classification and knowledge development in Academic Libraries in this state.
  • To determine the strategy through which government of Anambra State will ensure proper and adequate library building in all the Academic settings.
  • To examine the level of information accessibility and enhance effective information dissemination for depositions in the Academic Libraries in Anambra State.
    • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This field research work will be significance in the following ways;

  1. It will serve as a book of reference for further research work in Anambra State and Nigeria general.
  2. This research work will also be significance in enhancing effective classification and knowledge development in Nigeria contemporary society and in Academic settings generally.
  • It will be of great help in ensuring proper classification in Academic libraries in Anambra State. It will also serve as a guideline for the students, scholars in library and information. It will also serve as books of record in the field information science.

 

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

In line with the statement of the problems and in chronological with the purpose of this research work; the following (4) research questions were posed by the researcher which will guide this field research work.

  • What are the factors affecting effective classification and knowledge development academic libraries in Anambra State?
  • To what extent could there be solution to the problems militating against effective classification in Academic libraries?
  • To what extent does government of Anambra State enhance adequate library buildings in Academic environments?
  • To what extent do masses access and utilize the information in academic libraries in the state?

 

  • SCOPE OF THE STUDY

This research work is focused on classification and knowledge development by technical libraries in Academic libraries in Anambra State. It covers the problems affecting effective classification and knowledge in Academic libraries. It also touches the solutions to the problems and the strategy designed through ensuring government and provide effective and active participation in Academic libraries buildings in the state.

 

  • LIMITATIONS OF THE STUDY

In the course of this study the researcher encounters many impediments and challenges as follows: –

TIME CONSTRAINTS: Time constraint is one of the major factor that limits this course of study mean while, the researcher faced many activities coupled with her course of study.

FINANCIAL CONSTRAINT: The researcher of a student was financially constraint in the sense that she found it difficult to travel round Anambra State from week to week.

NON-CHALLANT ATTITUDE: of the respondents towards the questionnaires was also one of the factors that limited the researcher.

Some wrong information and fear of giving information among the respondents was also a difficult factor in achieving this research work target.

 

  • DEFINITION OF TERMS
  1. CLASSIFICATION: Is a systematic arrangement of things, people, animals, books in groups or categories according to established criteria.
  2. KNOWLEDGE DEVELOPMENT: Is the process of capturing, developing, sharing and effectively using organizational knowledge. It refers to a multi disciplined approach to achieving organizational objectives by making the best use of knowledge.
  3. TECHNICAL LIBRARIES: These are the people that specialize in selecting, acquiring, processing, organizing, and preserving library materials.
  4. ACADEMIC LIBRARY: Is a library attached to a higher institution which service (2) two contemporary purposes to support school curriculum and support the research work of the students and lecturers.
  5. DDC: Dewey Decimal Classification.
  6. LC: Library of congress classification.
  7. ICT: Information and Communication Technology.
  8. IFLA: International Federal of Library Association.
  9. ALA: American Library Association
  10. AACR: Anglo American Cataloguing Rule.
  11. OPAC: Online Public Access Catalogue.

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Stock acquisition in alex ekwueme library

Stock acquisition in alex ekwueme library federal polytechnic

oko anambra state.

 

Table of Contents

Chapter one

1.1    introduction                                                                          1

1.2    statement of problem                                                            7

1.3    objectives of the study                                                           8

1.4    scope of the study                                                                 8

1.5    significance of the study                                                        9

1.6    research questions                                                                9

1.7    definition of terms                                                                 10

 

Chapter two

2.0    literature review                                                                    14

2.1    concepts of library and its functions                                     14

2.2    acquisition                                                                             15

2.3    acquisition policy                                                                  17

2.4    library materials/stocks                                                        18

2.5    types of library stock                                                    18

2.6    methods of acquisition                                                          20

2.7    problems of acquisition                                                         22

Chapter three

3.0    research methodology                                                           26

3.1    research design                                                             26

3.2    area of study                                                                 26

3.3    population                                                                             27

3.4    sample and sampling technique                                           27

3.5    treatment procedure                                                     28

3.6    validity of instrument                                                            28

3.7    distribution and retrieval of the instrument                                  28

3.8    data analysis technique                                                        28

 

Chapter four

4.0    presentation and analysis of data                                         29

4.1    presentation and data/findings                                            29

4.2    discussion/findings                                                      32

 

Chapter five

5.0    summary, conclusion, recommendation, suggestion           33

5.1    summary                                                                      33

5.2    recommendations                                                                  34

5.3    conclusion                                                                             35

5.4    suggestion for further studies                                               36

References                                                                             37

Appendixes                                                                            38

Questionnaires                                                             39


Abstract

This research work deals with stock acquisition with a reference to alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko.

Acquisition is a means by which books and non book materials are collected in a library. The librarian glossary  (2001) defined acquisition as a process of acquiring or the department concerned with acquiring for the library. In chapter one of this research study, there are problems militating against stock acquisition in alex ekwueme library such as lack of fund to build up the library stock, there is a problem of staffing and inadequacy of reading space and furniture.

Chapter two of this research study deals with literature review which discusses the following headings: acquisition, acquisition policy, library materials/stocks, types of library stocks, methods of acquisition, problems of stock acquisition and selection tools. Chapter three of this research study is research methodology which the research adopted survey research/designs because survey deals with interview and questionnaires.

Chapter four of this research study discusses presentation and analysis of data which were drawn and gathered from the research questions as follows:

  1. What are various methods of acquiring library materials at alex ekwueme library?
  2. Are there procedures of book acquisition in the library
  • What are the needs for stock acquisition in academic libraries?
  1. What types of materials are to be acquired in the library?

Based on the findings, the researcher indicated that the main reason for stock acquisition is for dissemination of information.

Chapter five deals with summary, conclusion, recommendation and suggestion for further study. The researcher recommends that the institution management should not depend on government grant alone but should try to allocate more funds for the acquisition of library stocks/materials.

 

Chapter one

Introduction

1 .1  background of the study

The quality of service provided by any library will be determined by the richness of its collection. According to oxford advanced learner’s dictionary 8th edition, stock is a supply of something that is available for use. Stock in library terms refers to book and non book materials in a given library.

The term acquisition means different thing to different people. Evans, (2000) defined acquisition as the process of securing materials for the library collection, whether by purchase as gifts or through exchange programs.

Gorman (1998) described acquisition as the procedure which is primarily concerned with ordering, claiming and receipt of materials for the library.

Acquisition according to bakare (1999) is the means by which books and non book material are collected in a library or group of libraries.

The librarian glossary (2001) defined acquisition as the process of acquiring, or the department concerned with acquiring for the library.

Webster part ii (1984) defined acquisition as the act of acquiring

According to oxford advanced learner’s dictionary, acquisition is the act of getting something especially knowledge and skills.

Wulfekoetter, (1961): acquisition is the means by which additions are made to the library; this involves bringing in new materials into the library stock. These materials maybe acquired through direct purchase, gifts, exchanges, donations, inter-library loan cooperation and legal deposit especially if the government designated the library as a legal depository centre.

It is also the process of obtaining library materials, both books and non book materials, which aims at building up a library collection.

Effective acquisition development can only be possible in any library if the functions of that library are quite clear in a policy statement. It has always been impossible for any library to possess every material.

Stock acquisition in alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic oko, involves print and non print material. (book and non book materials).

Book acquisition according to adedibu, l.o (1983) is the procurement of library books whether they are acquired by purchase, gift or through exchange.

        books:

These are monographs, textbooks or set of blank sheet of papers bound along one edge and enclosed within protective covers to form a volume especially a written or printed literary composition presented in this way. Librarian glossary (1971)

Stocks acquired are usually housed in a library.

 

Library:

Webster part ii (2004) defined library as a collection of reading materials. Webster’s encyclopedic unabridged dictionary of the english language (1994) defined library as a place set apart to contain books and other materials for reading, study or reference; as a room, set of rooms or building where books may be read or borrowed.

Kumar (1992) defined library as a public institution or establishment charged with the care of a collection of books, the duty of making them accessible to those who require the use of them and the task of converting every person in its neighborhood into a habitual library gore and reader of books.

According to okeke (2001) library is an institution meant to collect, organize, preserve and disseminate informational materials to library patrons.

Chukwuma (2004) defined it as a place where professionally selected and acquired books and non book materials are processed and orderly arranged to make for ease of location, retrieval and use.

Hornby (2010) defined library as a building in which collection of books, cds, newspaper etc are kept for people to read, study or borrow.

Academic library:

According to the librarians glossary of terms (1979) academic libraries are those libraries of universities, university colleges, and all other institutions forming part of or associated with institutions of higher education.

Ezamba n.c. (2004).says that an academic library can be defined as a library attached to tertiary institutions. Academic libraries are varied and distinctive as the institutions they serve.

Obodoeze,f.o.(2004) opines that academic libraries are those libraries that exists in institutions of higher education such as universities, colleges of education, colleges of technology and polytechnics.

Therefore, stock acquisitions in academic libraries are the process or action taken by libraries to build up the library’s collection. Various ways are involved in acquiring library materials such as acquisition by purchase. In purchasing process, there is need for selection before acquisition, acquisition through gifts, exchanges and legal deposit.

Selection involves careful choice of items to be acquired by the library. Selection is based on the needs of user because the library in the polytechnic is primarily set up to support the polytechnic curriculum. Many things are considered during selection and acquisition and they include the objectives of the parent body/institution that is every institution has objectives and materials are acquired in the subject field of the institution’s interest.

Historical background of alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic oko.

Alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko is an academic library made up of a network of three libraries located at oko, atani and ufuma campuses. What is today known as the alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko started in a one (1) room apartment with (400) volumes of books mostly in the field of classic and literature. This was when the anambra state government approved the institution as a college of arts and science to offer a remedial courses for students at the g.c.e ordinary and advanced level examinations. When the institution was upgraded to college of arts, science and technology on june 28, 1980 more books were acquired to provide information resources to facilitate teaching, learning, research and community services.

The growth of the library was sustained with the unassailable objectives of the library, collection development in alex ekwueme library was expectedly dictated by the institutions curricula.

The college was formulized as anambra state polytechnic, oko through edict no. 12 of 1985. The library was moved from the one room it occupied to its present location and more books were acquired to beef up the collection.

The professional librarian mr. U.c.u uchedili was appointed to organize the library in line with established procedure in any academic library. This was during the regime of professor c. Ezeilo as the rector in 1981. In 1993, the quality of its education programmes, the availability of vital infrastructure and personal initiatives of professor ben nwabueze, the minister of education. The polytechnic was taken over by the federal government. At the same time, atani campus of polytechnic was established as one of the visionary strides of professor ben nwabueze.

The nucleus of atani campus library was established with 1,272 volumes of books in the field of computer science, mathematics and satatistics. The first professional librarian, mr. Rowland ofuluo was appointed in 1995 by recommendation of the polytechnic librarian. Dr obiora nwosu left the polytechnic for nnamdi azikiwe university. The polytechnic was at that capacity until june 2010 when mr. F.o obodozie took over as the substantive polytechnic librarian.

Today, alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko has benefited from tet fund sponsorship, federal government grants and donations from philanthropic individual like dr emeka offor. As a result of these interventions, the library has grown into one of the foremost academic libraries in nigeria. They have also applied to ranforly libraries in england to include alex ekwueme library in global rating of academic libraries.

At present they have 220,000 volumes of books with 120,000 titles. It has equally grown in staff strength with (48) forty eight professional and para professional staff. There is still room for improvement in manpower development.

 

1.2   statement of problems

It is obvious that diverse problems militate against alex ekwueme library in federal polytechnic oko. Recently stock acquisitions in the academic libraries have little or no attention

In many libraries in nigeria especially academic libraries, there is lack of fund to build up library stock. This is because sometimes government do not provide enough fund to acquire library materials which aims at building up the library collections. Sometimes when government maps out fund for a particular institution, those in charge will not use it adequately and judiciously.

There is a problem of staffing in the department compared to the number of library users. In most academic libraries, there are few numbers of staff to compare to the number of users they attend to. When you come to the library, there are lots of students seeking for attention of library staff.

Inadequacy of reading space and furniture is also one of the problems in alex ekwueme library. When materials are been acquired in the library, there is no reading spaces and furniture for the library users.

The above problems affect stock acquisition in alex ekwueme library in federal polytechnic, oko.

 

1.3   objectives of the study

The objectives of the study carried out by the researcher are as follows:

I       to identify the various methods of acquiring library materials at alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko.

Ii      to ascertain the extent and procedure of book acquisition in the library.

Iii     to determine the needs of stock acquisition in academic libraries.

Iv      to find out the types of materials that are to be acquired in the library.

 

1.4   scpoe of the study

This research work is limited to the acquisition of library materials in alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko, in orumba north local government anambra state. This research work discusses the acquisition of print and non print materials in the above mentioned polytechnic. This research work will examine the different types of materials which are been acquired by the library, the reasons for the acquisition of those library materials, its importance to library users.

1.5   significance of the study

Few books were written on the field or topic stock acquisitions, what we have severally are materials on collection development in which acquisition is included.

This research work is carried out by the researcher in order to help users especially library science students to identify the processes of stock acquisition in an academic libraries making reference with alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko so as to  enable them to differentiate between stock acquisition patterns in various libraries (public, school, special and national libraries).

Additionally, the study will help to contribute to the knowledge of anybody who might need information or assistance in the following ways:

  • It will help students and researchers especially library and information science students who may need this work as a reference in the field of stock acquisition.
  • It will serve as a guide to library staff to their users/patrons.

 

1.6   research question

The researcher formulated the following research questions on the assumption that it would aid her in bringing the research work to a logical conclusion.

  1. What are the various methods of acquiring library materials at alex ekwueme library federal polytechnic, oko?
  2. Are there procedures of book acquisition in the library?
  • What are the needs of book acquisition in academic libraries?
  1. What types of materials are needed to be acquired in the library?

 

1.7   definition of terms

Books:

According to librarian glossary (2001), these are monographs, text books or set of blank sheet of paper bound along one edge and enclosed within protective covers to form a volume especially a written or printed literary composition, presented in this way.

Books are non-periodical printed publication of at least forty five (45) pages. It is known that books carry the knowledge of the society and this knowledge is needed every time by the members of the society. As a result of this, books are published constantly to carry information.

Dina and olukola (2002) cited unesco to define book as a non-periodic printed publication of at least (49) forty nine pages exclusive of the covers. A book can therefore be described as a collection of sheets in printed or written form which has been cut, sown, and usually bound between covers into volume. A book may be more than one volume like encyclopedia britannica which has 30 volumes. Books can be divided into fiction and non-fiction.

Non-print materials.

Non-print materials consist of library resources that are not in printed format. They are called audio-visual materials (a.v.m). These materials require special equipment for their use. They require auditory and visual appreciation to use them. They are divided into three:

  1. Audio: they consist of sound recordings produced on magnetic tape. Examples are audio cassettes, audio tapes, records, educational radio programmes, etc.
  2. Visual: visual senses (eyes) are required for their use. Examples are slides, film-strips, transparencies, microfilms, ultra fiche, microfiche, etc.
  • Audio visual: these materials require both audio (ears) and visual (eyes) senses for their use. They include television, videotapes, tape/slide programmes.

Collection development:

This embodies a number of library activities which include the selection of library resources, the acquisition of those materials selected, development plans for sharing resources between libraries, maintenance of resources acquired, weeding, conservation and preservation of library materials.

Selection:

This is the process of choosing books to be included in the library holdings.

Uchedili u.c and uchedili e.e (2006) opined that selection is a process of deciding which materials to acquire for a library collection. It is a matter of systematically determining quality and value. They further suggested reasons for selection in libraries which are as follows:

  1. Achievement of objectives: every library has a set of objectives which represent the basic function of its parent body.
  2. Need/use: library only needs to acquire materials needed by its users. Every library is established with potential users in mind, so selection must be according to their needs because effective collection building cannot take place without reference to the needs of the users.
  • Selection due to variety of resources: library has to select which materials to acquire amongst others in the same subject.
  1. Limited resources: libraries select because no library can afford to buy all that is needs.

Non print materials with reference to alex ekwueme library is in audio visual unit (av unit) .

Uchedili and uchedili (2006) says that non print materials are the audio visual materials. They include:

Equipment;

16mm sound projector,8mm projecter,2×2 slide projector, film stride projector, overhead projector,television,reel-reel player, cassettes,record player, video tape recorder, cameras etc.

Materials;

8mm films, 16mm films, graphic materials, microform, transperencies,multimedia kits etc. These materials require special handling and a good environmental condition. In alex ekwueme library, federal polytechnic, oko they have the following non print materials as mentioned by the polytechnic librarian mr. F.o. oboboeze as follows;

Four overhead projectors, two slide projectors, four television sets, 29 computers, but only six are functioning, four reel-reel tapes, two loud speakers, satellite dish installed by tet fund and white screen for projector

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School libraries as an effective instrument for achieving academic excellence

School libraries as an effective instrument for achieving academic excellence

a case study of schools in owerri town

Table of Contents

Chapter one

1.1    introduction      –       –       –       –       –       –       1

1.2    historical background of secondary school library

In owerri town (capital territory   –      –       –       13

1.3    statement of the problem – –       –       –       18

1.4    objective of the study-        –       –       –       –       19

1.5    scope of the study –   –       –       –       –       –       20

1.6    significance of the study –  –       –       –       –       20

1.7    research questions    –       –       –       –       –       22

1.8    definition of terms –   –       –       –       –       –       22

 

Chapter two

2.0    review of related literature –       –       –       –       25

2.1    concept school library       –       –       –       –       28

2.2    importance of school libraries  – –       –       30

2.3    the roles and functions of the school library –     34

2.4    service of school library  –           –       –       –       37

2.5    the school library collections  –  –       –       –       41

 

Chapter three

3.0    research methodology –      –       –       –       –       43

3.1    introduction –   –       –       –       –       –       –       43

3.2    design of the study    –       –       –       –       –       43

3.3    area of the study-      –       –       –       –       –       43

3.4    population of the study –   –       –       –       –       44

3.5    sample and sampling techniques       –       –       45

3.6    instrument for data collection – –       –       –       46

3.7    validation of instrument    –       –       –       –       46

3.8    method of data analysis     –       –       –       –       46

 

Chapter four

4.0    data presentation and analysis –         –       –       47

4.1    method of data analysis-    –       –       –       –       49

4.2    finding of the study-  –       –       –       –       –       56

4.3    results of interview    –       –       –       –       –       58

 

Chapter five

  • Summary- –       –       –       –       –       –       60
  • Recommendations – –       –       –       –       –       61
  • Conclusion –       –       –       –       –       –       63

References –       –       –       –       –       –       –       65

Appendix – –       –       –       –       –       –       67

Questionnaire   –       –       –       –       –       –       68

Abstract

This project work is on the “school library as an effective instrument for academic excellence of schools on owerri town”. The aim of this research survey is to determine and examine the extent of services being rendered to library users, the stock of the library and to some extent the problems placing the library. The character and efficiency of any institution and that of its various categories of populace is adjusted by its treatment of its central organ the library along with the school, college, the news media and other manifestations of the “knowledge industry” is one of the agencies through which the institution of education exerts its influence on society, the library satisfy the basic information, education, cultural and other needs of its clienteles in their general and specific intellectual fields and pursuits. Information is preserved in the print and non-print medium and the school library acquires, organize, interprets, preserves and stores the information purveying media for easy access and consultation thus, today is the gateway to broadcast world or scholarly information for pupils, students and teachers. School libraries are an information and is indispensable to a pupils or students advancement or self development. The right information at the right time, at the right place to improves the ability of a students, pupils or teacher. School libraries therefore are not the basis of all teaching and learning, it is also essential for promoting and enhancing intellectual or academic pursuits. Also its aim at establishing a firm knowledge of school and general subjects by making choices of these materials to select those which will build up a firm and realistic foundation. The wide range of such materials provides an incentive to use them to impart knowledge and for preparing pupils and students also for their various examinations. In which they give useful experience and increase self confidence and develop basis for more advanced work and they through their use the pupils and students will in the best sense of the words, striving for excellence in their academic. These places the school libraries are at a position of relevance and explains why it is an effective instrument for achieving excellence.

 

Chapter one

Introduction/background of study

the word according to the new lexicon webster dictionary of the english language. Library is defined as a room or building housing a collection of books usually arranged according to same plan. Such collection of book on related topics issued by a publisher.

the library has collection of records of human culture in print and non-print information purveying materials housed, preserve, organized, interpreted and managed by a professional librarian, to meet the broad and varying needs of users or clientele, for their information, knowledge, education, research, recreation and aesthetic appreciation.

however the word library is defined as a room or building containing books that can be looked at or borrowed by members of the public or members of the group or organization that owns the library.

according to longman dictionary of english language and culture; a building in which collections of books, cds, newspapers, etc are kept for people to read, study or borrow.

the library is an integral part of any academic institution where it is situated and no such institution can achieve its well throughout objectives without the library. It is not an adjunct to the parent institution, but an indispensable part. It is necessary to have library in our post primary schools because it is the central organ of an academic institution which determines the excellence of the institution in teaching and learning. School libraries are found in elementary post primary and higher schools and house the materials and services that students and teachers requires to carry out their academic activities. Their holdings consist of printed an audio-visual materials that support and extent the curricula and that attempt to make reading attractive to students.

according to encyclopedia americana, they offer reference and inter-library loans in terms of size, 54.6% of school libraries have fewer than 2000 books, while 3% have more than 10000% books. In the early 1990s there were approximately 3500 school libraries in mexico, representing a 24% increase in just two years. School libraries have also extended their missions and the level of their services in recent years.

furthermore, from the above one can see that the school library has a remarkable role in academic excellent of students because the process of teaching and learning cannot be effectively done without incorporating the library of secondary education system. It is therefore an instrument of education excellence. In this regard ishola (2002) says “that whose function is to broaden the education of students by introducing them to spheres of knowledge outside the narrow confines of their school curriculum”

the school library can serve as follows:-

  1. Resource centre: offers a wide variety of materials that information is not only stored in print form but also in non-print.
  2. Teaching agency: teacher students various skills which when acquired enhances their academic performance and discourage leaving by rote.
  • Services agency: offer various services users to aid them make maximum utilization of the library resources.
  1. Recreation agency: guides students in their research work involving using the library by providing minor reference assistance to them.
  2. Educational agency: this is the overall development of an individual, growth, progressive reconstruction of experience and a life long process. The educational roles of the school library are:-
  3. Inculcation of permanent literacy
  4. Promotion of early child education
  5. Enhancement of secondary education
  6. Development of reading habits.

The school libraries thus has challenged the functions of parents, teachers, classroom and the various institutions that were formerly the exclusion, sources of knowledge and information.

 

The characteristic of the school library:

  1. User: they are made up of the pupils, students and teachers. Some are more intelligent than others or some are eager to read while others are backward. The libraries should give more attention to the less intelligent once in order for them to meet up.
  2. Contents: it contains materials that are book and non-book materials also contains materials based on the syllables and subjects taught at school chosen on basis of its individual merit considering the special needs and problem of the institution and the medium that most effectively conveys the desired content so that its objective will be met.
  3. Location: it is part of the school community. They are to achieve the objectives of the school that set it up the library as a complement.
  4. Functions: it is an integrating factor in the work of the school. The work of the school library is directed towards the definite education aims of the school.

A large percentage of pupil and students in nursery, primary and secondary schools are ignorant of the fact that personal intelligence and more knowledge of a subject does not automatically establish firm knowledge of a subject and excellence in school, the school library is an invaluable and for  achieving academic excellence. Also teachers, parents and libraries are today concerned about the poor reading habits of our students, poor performance at school and fall in our educational standard. This cry has invariably elicited very passionate question in the minds of those who love and care of all round development of these students. The libraries are yearning collectively on how to combat this problem knowing the adverse effect of this ailment first in the lives of the pupils and students, secondly in the progress of a country like ours.

The relationship between school libraries and reading habits and that between school libraries and academic excellence has been a subject of theoretical interest and practical importance amongst librarians. However, this relationship has been established through effective reading and general success in academic pursuit. In the primary schools, the library laid the foundation for reading habits by importing reading skills at the formation stage of the pupils education. In the secondary schools they form the foundation for independent learning at present school and at successive stages of the students life by establishing firmly the reading habits acquired in the primary school. Also the school library communicates information from several information carries, for better understanding and broadcasting of knowledge and there produce profound effects on the various categories of the students populace who acquire the skill of utilizing and assimilating information from the library, thus become more successful than others by virtue of information and knowledge they possess via the library collections.

It was in view of this that morgan (2003) asserts that in the hands of a cultured teacher the school library may serve as a link to bind together the home and school, and to arouse the interest of parents in what and how their children are reading, by referring them to the library.

Teachers can suggest to pupils valuable books suitable for their age, attainment, tastes and necessities. Seldom does a day pass when the vigilant teacher has not an opportunity, either in a class or in private conversation, to drop into the prepared soil of pupils mind a hint of some valuable books to read in the library.

In conclusion “there is no better intellectual and moral influence than that which comes from reading a good book aloud in the family circle” morgan (2003) concludes that:-

Learning with tear is now a thing of the past like wise learning from single textbook. As every good and resourceful teacher knows one of the crimes or worst “sins” a teacher can commit against his students is to feed them with wrong and out-dated information, also for the purpose of education to be fully achieved, students and teachers need to consult several source for better understanding and clearity. Also, nothing could be as dangerous as ignorance and an ill-informed student as they fall prey to rumours and false propaganda. The library selects, acquires and store in a classified arrangement on shelves the best and up-to-date sources of information that keeps staff and students abreast of new developments in knowledge and understanding of the subject matter, encourage practical work and develop the powers of analytical appraisal and of critical thinking.

Learning can be one of the most exciting experience in life, while reading is identified as the single most important determinant of a child’s success at school and in modern society as well. Learning also in modern life depends largely upon ones ability to interpret the printed messages accurately and fully, while reading is an educational task, essential for ones excellence in all academic pursuits. He who has other reasons for learning and reading besides interest in the subject has everything going for him, his interests broadens and cheap source of information during childhood education. Thus ideas absorbed from reading and learning through then remains with the students for the rest of their lives and produces profound effects and influences on their academics. Also the school library in no small measure plays a great part on the attitudes, behaviours, aspiration academic pursuits embarked upon by students and in determining the kind of people they can be

Good readers who have mastered the tasks of reading agree that early exposure to a wide range of printed materials is a highly relevant factor in reading. The handicap most secondary schools students face in reading development is lack of good reading materials. The school libraries are indispensable in the area of provision and proper use of books, this have made them the forum on which the educational activities of our secondary school revolves. It behaves on students numerous information sources to exploit so as to enhance their academic performance and to excel. This way, it lays foundation for a brighter future. Knowledge acquired from the information embedded, in the library and resources is like a fortune rightly acquired. For it is “the heart of the institution and the apex on which the intellectual life of the school and student rest”.

 

  • Historical background of secondary school libraries in owerri town

The development of secondary school libraries in owerri town could not be treated in isolation from that of school libraries in general in owerri which commenced in the early 1950’s.

This historical development of secondary schools library started in government secondary school, owerri now government college, owerri which was established in 1952 and modern school, owerri now girls’ secondary school, owerri established in 1955.

Libraries in secondary school are established in government trade centre, which serves the educational (technical) needs of those students in the technical education sector.

Moreover, due to the type of materials the library stock, it could not serve the general interest of the students in owerri town. For this reason another library was established in the modern school, owerri which now serve various categories of students. Despite the type of materials that the library stocked it contributed immensely to the educational development of the town. This was the state affairs until another library was established in the government secondary school which before then serve as a book depot for schools in the then eastern region, as it was from there that books meant for primary and secondary in the eastern region sent by the then colonia government were deposited for the various number of volumes of books meant for their school. However, it must be noted that the central library at enugu was also providing library service known as “library on wheels” to schools in owerri town (secondary school) before the war, (nigeria civil war). This factor led to the promotion of the establishment of libraries in secondary schools in owerri town which were though largely organized and were left to the part-time of teachers. The libraries then in some of these schools were either location in one classroom or found to be in the principals office.

In 1955 the government college, holy ghost college, girls secondary school owerri were founded. The government technical college, owerri was founded in 1952, federal government girls college, 1973 and bishop lasbrey girls secondary school, 1952 become secondary school in 1986.

In 1957 a library was established in the government college with the aid of the books deposited in the institution. Then a teacher librarian was trained by the administrators who were white men at enugu. It has the largest volume of books amongst all the schools in owerri town which strives till today. The library building had a statue of students clutching a book in a round-about in front of the library to indicates the building. The person in charge of the library holds a degree in library science education.

The government technical college library was established in 1956 for students in the technical and trade sector of education. Its resources is limited to the type of courses offered in the college. This is an n.c.e graduate in technical in education but with librarianship. With background knowledge of librarianship acquired through attending seminars, workshops, conferences and long period of the classroom complex which is located in a large hall. It has volume of books ranging between 1000 to 1500.

In 1973, the federal government girls secondary school owerri was established and in 1974 was founded. The library caters for the interest needs of students in the secondary section and those in higher school section (lower and upper sixth students) this accounts for its large number of volumes of 3,500. The library is manned by a professional librarian with a bachelor of library science degree. Since 1973 the school has achieved its inception. The library is allocated an entire building and has links with the academic feats.

After the conversion of bishop lasbery girls secondary school irette to a secondary school then the library was established in 1986, which is located in one classroom and manned by a teacher librarian. The library has volumes of books ranging between 800 to 1000.

 

1.3   statement of the problem

this study is the investigation of the extent to which school libraries contribute to academic excellence. Also school libraries has effect on the pupils, students and teachers and their indispensable contributions to the teaching and learning programs of the schools is yet to be fully understood. As a result of this problem, what this research study tries to portray is the mechanism by which the school libraries comes about it.

 

  • Objective of the study

The library is a central focus because in every academic institution. The learners and educators achieve this objective through the library which serves as the vehicle of communication or transmission of scholarly knowledge for educational excellence.

School libraries are very indispensable for effective teaching and learning process. The main aim of this study is the town in relation to their academic performance.

  1. To know the impact of school library and program on its various patrons
  2. To find out the impact of reading culture and library skills acquisition on students performance.
  3. To know the extent to which library collections impact knowledge.
  4. To examine the service of the school library.

 

1.5   scope of the study

the scope of this study is limited to schools in owerri town. This covers three boys and three girls secondary school. These six secondary school represent all the geographical area in owerri town.

 

1.6   significance of the study

this study is significant because it will benefit the following:-

  1. School libraries should be able to perceive and teach the students on how to use the library as data banks of information and knowledge for self directed learning and research.
  2. Teachers will know that in order for a student to cope academically and other wise he/she has to become self reliant in obtaining and utilizing information.
  3. Parents guardians are to be acquainted with vital role of the school library and its overall impact on the academic pursuits of their children.
  4. The school principals should also include the habit of using the library in the life of the students.
  5. The state government will also recognize the importance of libraries in the secondary education from this research.

 

1.7   research questions

1)      has any impact of such library on its patron?

2)      does reading culture and skills acquired impact on the performance of the students?

3)      to what extent do the collections imparts knowledge on the users?

4)      what are the services provided by the school library?

 

1.8   definition of terms

1)      according to the new lexicon webster dictionary, school is a community of those who teach and those who are taught, especially one of the education of children, usually housed in a building design and equipped for this purpose. The purpose to be achieved is transmission of knowledge, cultural and social values which are acceptable from one generation to another. Also all these should be recorded and preserved in book and other information carrying media, which are collected and preserved by the library for the users to make use of.

2)      library is defined as a room or building housing a collection of books usually arranged according to some plan. Such collection of book on related topics issued by a publisher.

3)      education: is a process of teaching training and learning especially in schools to improve knowledge and develop skills. Example nursery, primary, secondary and higher education.

4)      school libraries are an information agency, they provide ready access to this information and is indispensable to a pupils or students advancement or self development. The right information at the right time, at the right place to improves the ability of a student, pupils or teacher.

5)      questionnaire: it defined as set of question relating to the aim of the study and the hypothesis to be tested to which the respondents are expected to answer in writing.

6)      sampling techniques: is a techniques or method used to minimize error and bias in the study. It also the method that all the elements

have equal probability of being selected for investigation.

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