Category Archives: Home And Rural Economics project topics and materials

Home And Rural Economics project topics and materials

The impact of an investigation into the problems and prospects of running separate homes by married couples

The impact of an investigation into the problems and prospects of running separate homes by married couples

(a study of orumba south lga of anambra state)

 

Table of Contents

Chapter one

1.0   introduction – –      –      –      –      –      1

1.1   background to the stuy –      –      –      1

1.2   statebment of the problem-   –      5

1.3   purpose of the study –   –      –      –      6

1.4   significance of the study –     –      –      7

1.5   research questions –      –      –      –      8

1.6   scope of the study- –      –      –      –      9

 

Chapter two

2.0   reterature review    –      –      –      –      10

Chapter three

Reseach methodology

3.1   area of study  –      –      –      –      –      32

3.2   population of study-      –      –      –      32

3.3    sample and sampling techniqure        –      32

3.4    description of research insrument      33

3.5    method of data collection      –      –      33

  • Method of data analysis – –      34

 

Chapter four

4.0    presentation and analysis of data-     36

 

Chapter five

  • Summary, conclusion and recommendation
  • Summary, of findings – –      –      –      43
  • Conclusion –      –      –      –      –      –      44
  • Recommendations – –      –      –      –      45
  • Limitations of the study – –      –      46

References –    –      –      –      –      –      47

Appendix  –     –      –      –      –      –      –      49

Abstract

The main involvement of the study was an investigation into the problems and prospect of running separate homes by married couples in orumba south local government area of anambra state. Specifically, the study intends to find out the causes of running the home separately by married couples in orumba south local government area. The possible problems involved in running separately homes by married couples. The effects of running homes separate by married couples. The sample for the study were randomly selected to cover the fifteen (15) towns in orumba south local government area. The data collected was through questionnaire. Frequency and mean were used to analyze the data. The finding revealed that some causes of running separate homes by married couples are: the nature of job/occupation, socio-economic reasons and some couples are more inclined to their jobs than living together. While problems associated with running separate homes by married couples are financial problems, communication gap and suspicion\ unfaithfulness. It was observed that inability to achieve cardinal objectives of marriage. Unnecessary expenses and emotional intemperate are effects of running separate homes by married couples while woman especially are less busy, determination of married love strengthened and children reared under family that is run separately are hard working and competent enough as its prospects. The following recommendation was drawn, couples should endeavour to keep family intact for judiciously use of money for development. Couple should bridge the gag of extra–marital relationship by avoiding extended assistance. Conclusively, running separate homes by married couples constitutes a lot of problems to married couples and thus, is not advisable or encouraging to couples.

Chapter one

1.0  introduction

1.1  background to the study

Family is the oldest human institution in many ways, it is the most basic unit. It is society’s most basic unit. The entire civilization have survived or disappeared depending on whether family life was strong or weak. Before the institution is established, there must be a union of a man and woman, this union is call marriage.

mba (1980) stated that marriage is the state in which man and woman give themselves to each other in their life together and in procreation and training of offspring’s. The clear and certain knowledge of this institution is obtained only from the ideal of creation as revealed to the people of god in the old testament.

thus, most of us grew up in a firm belief that marriage would it did for our parents, friends and parent tomorrow. Certainly, the moves on the television programmes, the books and magazines we read all had a way of convincing us that marriage would not only solve our problems but would last a life time. Thus, in our society, adult is counted as an active member of the society if he/she is married. In view of this, it is a drama in that everyone becomes an actor or actress and not just a spectator.

this day, things are changing because of rising tide of the powerful new interest in human, generated

By the liberation movement, the life of woman alone, wisdom, divorce and separated are beginning to come in for a lot more attention and recognition today. Today, there are lots of books, articles, drama on the legal and emotional aspect of separation, on the changing status of the working couples, on the financial complexities of widowhood on the challenge of single parenthood and of the single woman’ s level of life. The basic separation of homes is like being faced with the pieces of a complicated jig saw puzzle, and asked to fit then together in a meaningful and satisfying way.

before now, marriage in african context was being dominated by men folk. The duty of the woman was to cook, keep home and farm, movement for her was restricted. Men who travel to pass does that in groups or in company of leaders. While the man is away, another elder is in the family takes care and control of all the members of the family till the man returns from the journey. That is to say that woman then lives under the care, control and protection of men hence they live behind their husband’s huts.

The emergence of the civilization, education and modern life have lifted the status of the woman in the society, some are stronger than men in the family and in the all capacities expect the naturally endowed powers. Women today take to any job, more about to all part of the world jus as men do. They are neither being controlled nor fear that anything will hinder them. Some women today live better than the men. For many of us, the world outside marriage like looks blank and bewildering. How does families who had been living together feel when they are separated? How does woman cope with the kids? This research is not for the men who wonder how he will leave his family for sometimes to a distance place. This research work will also provide an encouragement and sound advice on attendant problems that emanate from living separately such as emotional and practical issues that faces a couple living apart, love and friendship work and money, daycare and decision making while a husband is away from home.

Arastrong (1974) observed that family man be separated if one is doing a stint in the armed services for example, he many have the kind of job that requires long absence. About of the illness makes it necessary for one to spend sometime in the reasons for a husband absence from home, a gap is created in the life of the family.

 

1.2 statement of the problem

        married couples are said to be people strongly united to live together with a cardinal objectives of security, feeding, companionship, education and procreation. These couples according to culture are meant to live together. These days some married couples run separate homes and thus running into problems, divorce, psychological problem flirting and alcoholism.

the above problems have spurred the write to research on the problems and prospects of running separate homes by married couples.

 

  • Purpose of the study

The aim of this study is to examine the problems and prospects of running separate homes by married couples in orumba south local government area of anambra state.

Specifically, this study intends to study the following objectives:-

  • To find out cause of running the homes separated by married couples in orumba south local government area?
  • To find out the possible problems involved in running separate homes by married couples?
  • What are the effects of running homes separately by married couples?
  • To find out the likely prospects of running homes separately by married couples.

 

1.4  significance of the study

This study ‘will afford a unique opportunity for couples to have an in’ sight of what they are going to experience if they are + going to be involved in running separate homes.

It will strengthen the selection habit of life partner to maintain the validity of certificate.

The study will gear populace readers that there is no facts rule that couples should live together and thus should inculcate in them stereo-typing habit of work for effectiveness of their family.

The study will also certify women to the challenges of the society in the educational upbringing of the children bearing in mind that many elites of nigeria are brought up by either single family or separate family.

 

  • Research question

The following research questions were postulated to guide the researcher to carry out the problems and prospects of running separate home by married couples in orumba local government area of anambra state.

  1. What are the causes of running homes separately by married couples in orumba south local government area?
  2. What are the problems facing couples running separate homes in orumba south local government area?
    • How do living separate homes affect married couples?
    • What are the possible prospects in running homes separately by married couples?

 

1.6  scope and limitation

The research is focused in the orumba south local government area.   

the researcher was confronted with some obvious constraints. The area of the study was far from the researcher area of residence, hence difficulties in administering and collection of questionnaires.

it was compounded further by the scare financial resources of the researcher.

There was high cost of transportation due to bad road and transportation and difficulties in reaching the area of study.

time was also too short for the researcher to gather in depth and relevant but necessary information to enhance a detailed report.

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The impact of family planning campaign on ibagwa couples

The impact of family planning campaign on ibagwa couples

  a study of igbo eze south local government area enugu state.

 

Abstract.

the study examined the impact of family planning campaign on ibagwa couples. The study highlighted the factors militating against appreciable acceptance of family planning practices. It further sought solutions to the hindrances. Simple random sample of three hundred and fifty (350) respondents was drawn from the seven (7) villagers that make up the research question. Simple percentage was the instrument used for data analysis. In the light of the findings practical recommendation were made.

 

 

 

 


 chapter one

Introduction

Background of the study

the population problem has occupied the attention of thoughtful men in all ages of the world, and the forms taken by this problem varied with the particular conditions, place and time. At one period the aim might be to keep up the number of males to make good ravages of war; at another time may be there was fear that the growth of population would out strip food supplies. The spread of christianity with its culturalization of respect for human life as opined by hanson (1972) also aggravate the population problems of the people who had previously kept down numbers by such practices as infanticide. None – the – less, high population is not with out its costs, hence efforts at controlling the population of nations through family planning. Commenting on the implications of large population, nnubia (1999) noted:

The effect of large population …………. Stares us in the face in all spheres of our national life – standards of living, unemployment, poor quality education, bad leadership, and general under development.

Arising from the above therefore, is the urgent need for planning and regulation of family numbers. As noted by hugh (1990) family planning is aimed at assisting individuals achieve their reproductive goals of replacement, but not necessarily to increase the world population.

according to world health organization (who: 1971), sees family planning as a way of thinking and living that is adopted voluntarily upon the basis of knowledge, attitudes and couples in order to promote the health and welfare of the family group, and this contributes effectively to the social; development of the country. In the same vein, abuzu (1988) sees the concept as:

A way of life within the family planning culture which is based on accurate knowledge of the national signs and symptoms of the fertility inherent in the human life from the moment of conception and free sexually informed and mentally self responsible decision making by married couples to achieve or postpone welfare of their entire family group.

On the part, the catholic church defined family planning as the privilege and obligation of the married couple exclusively to decide with love when and how many children they want, provided the motive is justified and the means is moral. If the motive for family planning, it went on, is not justified, it does not make any different if the method is artificial or natural. They are both wrong (st, marie-gibbeous, 1983). Still on the concept, lucas (1968) conceived it as the activity that enable every family to have as many children as they desire, when they want them, this means educating them and encouraging them to space or limit the number of children and ensure optimal family health.

series of campaigns have been initiated towards tacking the issue of population problem. In the forefront was magerat sanger (1879-1966) in her birth control message. Another effort is the hitler sterilization programme; & still the present day efforts of the planned parenthood federation, a baby of sauger. There are modern method apart from the traditional methods adopted by ruralities in the under and developing countries. Such methods as abstinence, prolonged lactation and use of locally available plants to ensure proper spacing of children (ppfn profile, 1968) were have been in use in the effort at controlling family number ¾.

the campaigns started in arnest in 1964 with the formal establishment of the planned parenthood federation of nigeria, ude and obiejesi (1995). By 1984, the government of buhair issued a statement on government involvement n family planning. In enugu state, the fnitia lattempt in 1974 yielded no much success until in 1992 during the regime of nnamani when series of family planning series, education, and information through mass media were rural its the benefits of family planning and birth control methods.

the need for this campaign in nigeria, especially in rural area a part from the treat on the world size is also borne out of the attendant health and social problems. These are in the areas of frequent illegally induced abortions, child dumping, unwanted, pregnancies and high maternal and child mortality rates: leskin (1981). It is therefore the researchers’ interest to find out the impact of such campaign on ibagwa couples. Hence the study.

 

Statement of problem

there has been astronomical up surge in the population of nations without corresponding increase in facilities to match such increase. The up surge has socio-economic and health implications both for individuals and the nations at large one solution to solving this is adoption of family planning practices.

in the under developed state, especially the rural areas, factors such as religion, illiteracy, socio-cultural practices are held in high esteem and citizens hold firmly to these factors thereby resisting any change.

it is in the face of this problem that information of family planning is disseminated to rural dwellers majority of whom may have not heard of modern conceptive devices. To ensure that the information get to the grassroot various means of communication are employed for the purpose.

the problem of this study therefore is to find out the effect of the campaign on couples, acceptance of family planning practices in view of the hindering factors – religion, illiteracy, socio-cultural, practices, etc.

 

Purpose of the study

the main purpose of this study is to find out the following;

  1. The effect of family planning campaign on ibagwa couples.
  2. Problems facing the success of the campaign
  • The solution as to how the campaign could gain more acceptances.

 

Significance of the study                   

the findings and recommendations of this investigation will help the rural couples to have more information of family planning and there by embrace the main theme of the campaign – planning one’s family for his & the general good.

government and its agencies: national economic planning committee, other planning organizations and policy formulators would find the work useful in the area of assessing the outcome of adopted strategy in the campaign efforts.

 

Scope of the study   

        this study is restricted to the effect of family planning campaign on couples in ibagwa town, igbo eze south l.g.a, enugu state.

 

 

Research questions

the study sought answers to the following:

  1. What are the effects of the family planning campaign on ibagwa couples?
  2. What are the problems militating against success of the campaign?
  3. What are the possible solutions to the actualization of the campaign in ibagwa?

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The challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics Education

The challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics Education

 

Table of Contents

Chapter one

Introduction

1.1   background of the study                                1

1.2   statement of problems                                  5

1.3  purpose of the study                                     7

1.4  significance of the study                               8

1.5   research question                                         8

1.6  scope and limitations of the study                 9

 

Chapter two

Review of related literature

2.1   concept of entrepreneurship                         11

2.2   characteristics of an entrepreneur                14

2.3  challenges of entrepreneurship in home

Economics                                                     19

2.4   the place of entrepreneur in home economic       27

 

Chapter three

3.1  population of the study                                 30

3.2   sampling method                                          30

3.3   sample method                                             31

3.4   instrument for data collection                        31

3.5   data collection techniques                             32

3.6  data analysis                                                32

 

 

Chapter four

Data analysis and statement of result                   33

 

Chapter five

Findings, conclusion and recommendations

5.1   findings                                                        44

5.2   summary                                                     46

5.3   recommendations                                         46

References                                                   50

Appendix                                                      53

 


 

Abstract

This study attempts to find out the challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics education. The sample was a total of 60 respondents that comprises teachers and entrepreneurs in home and rural economics from federal polytechnic, oko in anambra state nigeria. Five research questions were stated and acted as a guide for the study analyzed using simple percentage. The researcher found out the challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics education. On the basis of these findings, recommendations are made on how students should be equipped with knowledge and skill of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics education for better living, being creative and resourceful women.


 

Chapter one

Introduction

Background of study

nigeria as a developing nation has been faced with a lot of problems, such as inadequate healthcare, poverty, illiteracy, unemployment, poor infrastructure and over reliance on oil, crime, corruption, poor macro- economic management, political instability etc.

these are undoubtedly a challenge to the educational system. National diploma (nd) programme, which are offered in tertiary level of education in the country, are designed among other goals to;

  1. Produce highly motivated, conscientious and efficient class room teachers for all levels of the nigeria educational system.
  2. Provide graduates with the intellectual and professional background adequate for their assignment, and make them adaptable to changing situations (f.r.n, 1998). Thus the nd programme ought to help students to achieve knowledge and skills needed to function at maximum ability in a constantly changing world.

Home and rural economics offered education is one of the nd programme offered, most often a part of vocational and technical education. Home and rural economies bring together knowledge and skills from different disciplines within the pure, applied and behavioural sciences, arts and agriculture to bear upon the family and its environment.

Home and rural economic education graduates are expected to be prepared not only for teaching, but for adaptable employment situations of which self-employment is inclusive. Interestingly, one solution to unemployment is the generation of self-employment (united nations educational scientific and cultural organization (une-sco, 1997). Self-employment how ever requires that individuals possesses among other things entrepreneurial knowledge, attitude and skills. This requires entrepreneurship education.

Fortunately, the federal government of nigeria has recognized that entrepreneurship plays a crucial role in the innovations that leads to technological charges and productivity growth. Hence, very recently, the national universities commission (nuc) and the national diploma (nd) respectively, in the draft, benchmark and minimum academic standard recommended four (4) credit units of entrepreneurship studies for school of applied science, where home and rural economics is based. This is a welcome development and has far reading implications for both students and teachers in home and rural economics.

However, lemeh and anyakoha (2006) emphasized that for the goal of including the entrepreneurship courses in the nd home and rural economics programme to be attained, strategies for the effective integration of the course must necessarily be determined.

Entrepreneurship has therefore become a vital issue in national development. Home and rural economics can become entrepreneurs because they are supposed to have the basic knowledge and skills required for specific jobs or occupations.

However, mastery of craft or processing techniques or even infusion of addition: 1 capital is not enough to ensure survivals of an enterprise (ikemefuna, 1991).

The importance of finding challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics cannot be over emphasized.

 

Statement of problems

        it is quite unfortunate that majority of home and rural economics  graduates can no longer be self-employed because they are not exposed to entrepreneurship.

it was certain that many home and rural economics graduates were afraid of establishing their own business, the reason is that, they are lacking entrepreneurship skills.

a study conducted on higher education and work with particular reference to home and rural economics (odo, 1998) showed that 26.6 percent of undergraduates were interested in being self-employed. The data obtained from graduates of home and rural economics showed that only 13 percent had set up their own businesses after graduation. However, current employment data shows only 6.6 percent to be self-employed, suggesting that some of these businesses may have folded up. These findings may suggest that there could be challenges for home and rural economics entrepreneur.

the greatest challenges of home and rural economics is to determined those issues that pose various forms of challenges and threats to individuals, families and society at large and then address than most appropriately (anyakoha, 2002).

 

Purpose of the study

        to find-out challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics education.

Therefore the objectives will be to;

  1. Explain the concept of entrepreneurship
  2. Identify characteristics of an entrepreneurship
  3. Show the place of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics.
  4. Identify the challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics.
  5. Offer recommendations for enhancing entrepreneurship to in home and rural economics.

Significance of the study                       

the significance if this study will be of great achievement to the home and rural economics students in tertiary institution in anambra state. If they can be able to know how to be self-employed by acquiring entrepreneurial skills so that some problems such as corruption, poverty, unemployment etc will be reduced in our society.

 

Research questions

  1. What are the concepts of entrepreneurship?
  2. What are the characteristics of entrepreneurship?
  3. What are the places of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics?
  4. What are the challenges of entrepreneurship in home and rural economics?
  5. What are the recommendations for enhancing entrepreneurship in home and rural economics?

 

Scope and limitations of the study             

        it is quite impossible to sample all the home and rural economics graduates in tertiary institutions in anambra state within the period of time. It was however possible to obtain representative random sample of the home and rural economics graduates in tertiary institutions in anambra state.

the following limitations were encountered by researchers in the course of this study. Lack of finance was a big problems to the researcher in terms of the students were another problem in spite of several efforts made to some students, they skill felt uncooperative in responding to the questions some of them collected the question and did not return them to the researchers.

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Running separate home by married couple: problems and strategies for improvement

Running separate home by married couple: problems and strategies for improvement

 (a case study of federal college of education technical, umunze).

 

Table of Contents

Chapter one

Introduction

Background of the study                                     1

Statement of the problem                                   6

Purpose of the study                                           7

Significance of study                                           8

Scope of the study                                              10

Research questions                                             11

 

Chapter two

Review of literature

The essence of marriage                                      12

Building a happy family                                             15

Issues of marriage                                               18

Effects of running separate homes by married couples                                                                  33

Chapter three

Research methodology

Area of the study                                                41

Population of study                                             41

Sample and sampling technique                         42

Description of research instrument used for the study                                                                  42

Validity of instrument                                         43

Method of data collection                                    43

Method of data analysis                                      44

 

Chapter four

Date presentation, data analysis and discussion

 

Chapter five

Summary, conclusion and recommendations

Summary of findings                                                    53

Conclusion                                                                    54

Implications of the study                                              55

Recommendation                                                          56

Suggestion for further research                           56

Reference                                                              57

Appendix                                                              60

Questionnaire                                                      61


Abstract

The main purpose of this study is to investigate the cause, problems and strategies for improvement of running separate homes by married couples in federal college of education umunze. This study aims at finding out the causes of running the homes separately by married couples. The strategies for improvement of running homes separately by married couple. The sample for the study were randomly selected to cover 50 married couple running homes separate in federal college of education technical umunze. The data collected was through questionnaire frequency and percentage were used to analyze the data. It is being found out that running separate home by married couples encourage extra- marital sex, that children produced by one couple lacks love and affection, that spending of much money is encouraged and that couple should be given free days on thursday and friday to be with their families.


Chapter one

Introduction

Background of the study

        family is a group of people related either by blood or by marriage. These relations often form very meaningful social groups in which we feel comfortable and safe. The close bounds which we make usually last until they are broken by death or sometimes geographical distances.

anyakoha (1991) stated that family that family is important institution which passes on the culture to the children, channels sexual appetites and provides the means of satisfying human needs.

according to odigbo (2002) family is a social institution established by god from the beginning, when he created man and woman and command them to lived together for the purpose of multiplying and filling the earth. By this proclamation, the family acquired an inherent and inahenable light to care for and educate the young members of the family.

odigbo (2002) stated that marriage as an organized society consists of the rules which governs the relationship between husband and wife or husbands and wives. These rules defines how the relationship shall be established and how it may be ended the expectations and obligation it entails and the persons who may or may not enter into such relationship.

chinoy (1961) states that marriage is a palrilocal residence if the husband and wife slays with the man’s family, malrical residence if the husband and wife slays with the woman’s family, neolocal residence. If the husband and wife established their own independent domical. In addition to ensuring a continuing sexual relationship because of its child bearing function, marriage is also the licensing of parenthood. In view of this it is a drama in which everyone becomes an actor or actress and not just a spectator.

these days, things are changing because of rising tide of the powerful few interest in human generated by liberation movement, the life of woman alone. Widow, divorce and separated and recognition today. Today there are a lot of books, articles, drama on the legal and emotional aspect of separation, on the changing status of the working couples, on the financial complexities of widowhood on the challenge of single parenthood and of course, on the joys and sorrows of the single woman’s love life. The basic challenge for the most separates homes is going shapes and direction to their lives, because the separation of home is like being faced with pieces of a complicated jigsaw puzzle and asked to fit them together in a meaningful and satisfying way.

marriage in africa region was being dominated by men folk. The woman’s duly was to cook, keep home and farm, movement for her was restricted when the man was away another elder in the family takes care and control of all the members of the family till the man returns from the journey. That is to say that woman live under the care, control and protection of man while their husband traveled.

the civilization education and modern life have lifted the status of woman in the society, some are stronger than men in the family and in all capacities except the naturally endowed powers.

women today, can do any job, more freely to all parts of the world just as men do. They are neither controlled nor fear that anything will hinder them. Some women today like better life than men. To many of us the world outside marriage life looks bleak and bewildering. How does families who has been living together feel when they are separated? How does the woman cope with the fids. This research is not for the man who wonders how he will leave his family for sometimes to a distance place.

this research work will provide an encouragement and sound advice on attendant problems that may enumerate from living separately, such as emotional and practical issues that faces couples living apart love and friendship works and money, day care and decision making while a husband in away from homes.

family may also be separated if one is doing a kind of job that requires long absence for example armed forces sewices

 

Statement of the problem

        married couples are said to be people strongly united for the purpose of feeding, procreating, companionship and security. Naturally the couples are meant to live together.

today, some married couples run separated homes and this run into problems, what necessitates married couples running separate homes? What are the problem associated with this? How can the situation be ameliorated? These are the problem of the study.

 

Purpose of the study

        the objective of the study is to examine the problems of running separate homes by married couples these problems alleviating in federal college of education umunze in anambra state.

specifically, this study intend to study the following objectives.

  1. To find out the causes of running separate homes by married couples in federal college of education umunze in anambra state.
  2. To ascertain the problems that are involved in running separate homes by married couples.
  3. To determine the effects of running home separately by married couples.
  4. To find out the likely strategies for improvement.

 

Significance of the study

        the findings of this study is expected to be of immense significance to the marred couples, children and the society at large.

the finding of this study will make married couples to start being closed to each other in order to know the problem of one another and to render help immediately. It will also make them understand that they are one complete body, that staying separately means being incomplete in doing things in every aspect of life.

the finding of the study will make the children of how parents to understand and enjoy the joy of staying together with their parents always, child together with their parents always, discuss their problems always and solve their problems together. It will also make them received balanced love, care and affection from both.

the finding of this study make the society to be good. That the society today is not good is from the home. The home is the centre of everything. It the parents untendly trained up a child, and the society will benefit because this indiscipline committed by untrained children in the society will decrease.

 

Scope of the study

        this research is focused on the federal college of education umunze in anambra state.

it is delimited to find out the causes of running separate homes, the problems inherent in running separate homes and the necessary strategies for improvement.

 

Research question

        the following research question were to guide the researchers.

  1. What are the causes of running home separately by married couples in federal college of education umunze.
  2. How does living separate homes affect married couples?
  • What are the problems facing couples running separate homes in federal college of education umunze?
  1. What are the strategies for improvement of running homes separately by married couples?

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An Appraisal Of Illiterate Mothers Perception On Birth Control

An Appraisal Of Illiterate Mothers Perception On Birth Control (A Case Study Of Onitsha North L.G.A)

 

TABLE OF CONTENT

Title page                                                                        i

Approval page                                                         ii

Certification                                                            iii

Dedication                                                               iv

Acknowledgement                                                  v

Table of content                                                      vi

Abstract                                                                  ix

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0   Introduction                                                    1

  • Background of the study 1
  • Purpose of study 6
  • Statement of the problems 7
  • Research Question 7
  • Significance of the study 8
  • Scope of the study 9

 

CHAPTER TWO

Literature Review                                                   10

Importants of birth control                                     10

Birth control devices                                               14

Reasons for not practicing birth control        21

 

CHAPTER THREE

RESEARCH METHODOLOGY AND PROCEDURE

  • Research population 29
  • Sample and sampling techniques 30
  • Instrument                         30
  • Method of data analysis 30

 

CHAPTER FOUR

DATA PRESENTATION AND ANALYSIS

4.1   List of findings                                        36

4.2   Discussion of findings                                     37

 

CHAPTER FIVE

SUMMARY, CONCLUSION AND RECOMMENDATION

5.1   Summary                                                                38

5.2   Conclusion                                                      39

5.3   Recommendations                                           40

References                                                      42

Appendix                                                         44

Questionnaire                                                 45


ABSTRACT

This study was undertaken to find out the attitude of illiterate mothers in Onitsha North L.G.A toward birth control. This project tries to find out why these illiterate mothers neglect birth control thus produce as many children as possible even to their own detriment. To make this study successful, questionnaires were used to collect the necessary data. In answering the question, the data collected and information gathered were analysed using the sample percentages. The result revealed that they produce many children because they have no idea of the existence of an organized instruction on birth control, some didn’t like the idea of birth control and some their husband didn’t like to practice birth control. On the basis of these findings some recommendations were made on how to motivate people to accept and practice birth control.

 


CHAPTER ONE

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1  BACKGROUND TO THE STUDY

The Oxford dictionary defines birth control as the reduction of population to a manageable level and rate for the world, country, state, and even for a family. It could equally be said or defined to be a method that a married couple adopts in order to regulate the number of child bearing. This implies that couples should understand the importance of having only as many children as they can be able to care for.

But in Nigeria this concept of birth control is greatly neglected. Most people do not even understand the meaning of the concept (Birth control) and that is why Nigeria in facing the threat of over population now. Nsugbe is a town in Onitsha North Local Government Area of Anambra State. Most mother in Nsugbe especially the illiterates ones are also ignorant of the fact that birth control does not mean that one should stop producing children but that one should plan to control the birth naturally and artificially in order to produce only as many children as one can care for.

This town was among the first towns that accommodated and welcomed the missionaries and they have great belief toward the church of God. Some of them are active Christians and obey the word of God. Because of this they will tell you that birth control involves disobedience to the command of God to “be fruitful and multiply and replenish the earth” (Genesis chapter 1 verse 28) and that if God send them children, he will always provide for them.

Today however, the economic realities of modern living have dampened the biblical injunction of increase and multiply. In most parts of the world today, there is an established link between population and means of sustaining it and that is why the Imo State Commissioner for Health, Mrs. Bridget Nwankwo had in Owerri on 24th April 1985, expressed concern over the increasing birth rate in the country as being very alarming and stated that if birth rate is not checked, the nation would experience a new wave of population explosion along with all the educational and social ills that go with it. It is almost a universal rule that parent have a primary duty to maintain their children. In the great majority of cases, the care and upbringing of a child belongs to its biological parents automatically without regard to their qualification or suitability but in (Nsugbe) most children are being denied of adequate education, food, clothing and shelter because the parents produced so many children that they cannot provide all – these – things for them. As a result they find it extremely difficult to train their children adequately.

Sometimes, the head of the family (father) dies of hypertension due to worry and too much thinking about the family.

Glass (1972) argues that Nigeria is one of the ten countries included in a major international study of population problem. The draft report has been prepared by population report international and the population of Nigeria is estimated at 160 million, no problem needs more urgent solution than how to control population growth. It demands the attention of all nations east and west, large and small, developed and developing world which Nigeria is one, population growth consumes much of their economy, condemning people to continuing poverty. One can easily see that too rapid population growth hinder a nation’s ability to progress and to satisfy the growing demands of its people for a better life. Also over population could also be that some men still believe that the number of children in the family indicates manliness and wealth with the result that in some monogamous families one can find up to ten children born by one woman in order to minimize these problems, there is the need for birth control, too much children in the home may also result for the search of a male child in the home.

 

  • PURPOSE OF STUDY

       Much has been said and heard about birth control how it could be applied and how people feel about it. Some feel it is a sin to adopt birth control. While some who are very rich feel that they can take up the responsibilities of any number of children they have.

This research therefore attempts to: –

  1. Determine the birth control measures practice by the illiterate mothers.
  2. Factors that contribute to their not utilizing some birth control measures.
  • Effects of their non compliance
  1. Determine how they can be helped to change their attitude to birth control.

 

  • STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM

In Nsugbe under Onitsha North L.G.A, people seem not to consider the consequences of having large family and these has resulted to the problem of children not finishing their primary and secondary education due to the lack of responsibilities by the parents and financial instability. This has been attributed to the bearing of large number of children in the family.

 

1.4  RESEARCH QUESTION

  1. Is it true that illiterate women at Onitsha North do not practice birth control?
  2. Does birth control has any effect on illiterate mothers in Onitsha North (Nsugbe)?
  3. Does ignorant to birth control lead to the increase in population of a country?
  4. Is it necessary for illiterate mothers to start practicing birth control?

 

1.5  SIGNIFICANT OF THE STUDY

       This study was undertaken by the researcher to know the attitude of illiterate mothers at Onitsha North L.G.A and to make them know the consequence and implication for not accepting birth control which will lead to over population of the country as a result of not practicing birth control, also it will lead to economic meltdown and how standard of living of the family and also the country.

1.6  SCOPE OF THE STUDY

       This study is limited to Onitsha North Local Government Area of Anambra State.

 

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