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Chemistry Project Sample

ESTABLISHMENT OF INSURANCE AGENCY IN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY (I.M.T) PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ESTABLISHMENT OF INSURANCE AGENCY IN INSTITUTE OF MANAGEMENT AND TECHNOLOGY (I.M.T) PROBLEMS AND PROSPECTS

ABSTRACT

This project is a  pure study on the appreciation of insurance discipline in our institution. The idea of this study is to ascertain the potential insurance buyer in the institute of management and technology, Enugu and also if the staff will purchase insurance from insurance Agency if established in the institute.

Moreover to carry out this investigation, the following objectives were formulated.

  1. To ascertain the potential insurance buyers in the institute of management and Technology (IMT). Enugu.
  2. To advice the institute on the importance of agency of office if it is established in I.M.T.
  3. To enhance the insurance services for the buyers and reduce bottleneck encountered with outside Agents and brokers.
  4. To reduce cost of insurance for the institute.

In order to achieve these aims, questionnaire, and oral interview were used and critically analyzed in chapter four.

Recommendation were therefore drawn from the analysis in chapter 5.3.

TABLE OF CONTENT

 

CHAPTER ONE

1.0 Introduction                                                  1

1.1 Background of study                                     3

1.2 Statement of problems                                   4

1.3 Objective of study                                                 5

1.4 Significance of study                                      5

1.5 Research question                                                 6

1.6 Scope and limitation of study                          7

1.7 Definition of terms                                                 13

CHAPTER TWO

Review of related literature                                  15

References                                                        31

CHAPTER THREE

Research methodology                                                33

3.1 Study area and population                             33

3.2 Sample size                                                  34

3.3 Development of research instrument               34

CHAPTER FOUR

Presentation and analysis of data                                 36

CHAPTER FIVE

5.1 Summary of findings                                     53

5.2 Conclusion                                                    54

5.3 Recommendation                                          55

Bibliography                                                  57

Journals                                                        58

Questionnaires                                              60


CHAPTER ONE

1.0 INTRODUCTION

Hardly have most people in Nigeria today actually understood the real place of marketing in the insurance industry. Often and again,  people misunderstood the function and role of brokers and agents in the insurance industry.

Before the subject matter at this project is tackled, it is necessary that a brief definition be given. Marketing could be defined as a function in business which aids selling, plus marketing research promotion, distribution, service product scheduling e.t.c.

In view of the fact that marketing is the brining out of what the customer needs, in actual fact and in most cases the client does not know or unaware of what he really needs whereby the remaining job is left for the agents and brokers to convince the propose about the product.

The main purpose of establishing insurance agency in a place is to create insurance awareness to the people at that particular area or environment. This bridges the gap between the people and the policy holders which will indemnify them against certain risks. To put up an insurance agency in an institution will also enable the community within the institution understand and learn of certain risks which they do not know. The establishment of insurance agency in IMT littler to becomes necessary considering the role at the institute in the training of manpower for insurance industry.

However, the more pressing problem is lack of awareness by the community of the importance and benefits at insurance despite its level of academic excellence.

Insurance agency is an organization whose main business is canvassing and selling insurance policies to the public. In this case there shall exist the competence to advise the proposers on the best policy suitable to them and the benefits attached. The agency is remunerated by way of commission from the insurer.

The major factors that determine the scope of operation of any agency are financial capability, consumer preference as well as the ability to meet with the government regulations on the establishment of insurance agency (insurance decree 58 of 1991 section 28).

It is a well know fact that the Nigerian insurance industry is still at its infancy age compared to its counterparts in the western countries. However, it has been observed with the aid of survey that the sell of insurance policy is highest within the academic circle of the Nigeria community.

1.1 BACKGROUND OF STUDY

The establishment of insurance agency department in the academic environment such as IMT will bring the insurance services of immense benefit to the staff of IMT and students of the department of insurance. It will also be a means of imbedding insurance sales potentially in the students of insurance as well as minimize the cost of insurance for the institute.

The insurance industry will also benefit from this because it is a primary means of building good insurance image.

The department will also utilize the outcome of this research as an evaluation criteria in determining the profitability of the venture and a workshop for the students in fulfilling the objectives of manpower development for insurance industry.

1.2 STATEMENT OF PROBLEMS

Having complied with the rules and regulations of the insurance supervisory authorities in which they operate, though there are still some problems in the establishment of insurance agency in the institution and the prominent among them are as follows:

  1. Public unawareness of the essence of insurance take time for the brokers and agents to be known in the public. To me, this is a very vital aspect of marketing in insurance industry.
  2. The institute does not have an insurance unit whose duties will be to advice both the staff and the institution on issues regarding their insurance needs.
  3. Most insurance agents are seen as cheats, therefore the community needs suc-an agency within their reach to get advise as well as transact all their insurance businesses.
  4. Also due to the poor image of insurance in Nigeria the people shy away from insurance transaction due to lack of confidence in insurance. Therefore the IMT community needs a trustworthy insurance agency with which they can transact insurance business and which also have a recognized office in the campus.

1.3 OBJECTIVE OF STUDY

Developing implies growth this researcher study aim of establishing the factors that limit the growth of insurance agency in developing counters using Nigeria as an example.

The study will also offer solution to the hinders identified.

1.4 SIGNIFICANCE OF STUDY

This research will be of paramount important and of immense benefit to the staff of IMT and students of the department of insurance. It will also be a means of imbedding insurance sales potentially in the students of insurance as well as minimize the cost of insurance for the institute.

The insurance industry will also benefits from this because it is a primary means of building good insurance image.

1.5 RESEARCH QUESTION

This aspect of the study looks at a way in finding out how the insurance agency has fared over the years. It would also be useful to look at some other things such as;

  1. The role of insurance agency and their function in IMT
  2. How effective has the establishment of insurance agency been to the insurance industry.
  3. How has the knowledge of the agency been received by the populace over the years.
  4. What is the Nigeria government doing to reduce lack of insurance consciousness or awareness on the part of an average African.
  5. What are the solution to the problems being encountered by insurance agency?

 

 

1.6 SCOPE AND LIMITATION OF STUDY

Scope:

The study is restricted to the institute, staff of IMT, insurance companies and agencies in Enugu state.

LIMITATIONS;

FINANCIAL CONSTRAINTS

Usually finance is a major problems encountered in the curse of this research which made it difficult for me to get the necessary information’s.  Also the reluctance of those interviewed in releasing information due to confidentiality.

POLITICAL CRISIS

Due to the political instability in Nigeria, a lot of things are moving as before and this is causing a lot of problem to the Nation.  Due to this cost of living now is very high even fuel and kerosine is no where to be seen and if seen  the cost will be so high.

PROBLEMS AFFECTING ESTABLISHMENT OF INSURANCE AGENCY IN IMT

There are four major problems that influence the establishment of insurance agency in IMT.

a). THE IMPACT OF LEGISLATION AND TAX CONCESSION-GOVERNMENT INTERVENTION AND TAX LAWS

Legislation actually aids the insurance industry in form of tax concessions which encourages long term serigns. A major factor that influenced the development of insurance in IMT was the intervention of the government. The primary purpose of governmental control is the necessity to protect the interest of policy holder against possible exploitation by unscrupulous insurers. According to insurance decree, 1976, there were provisions on how insurance companies are to operate with regards to condition for registration made at operation, insurance policies accounts and audits amalgamation and transfer winding up, licensing and duties at insurers and agents, premium rates and commissions. Administration and settlement, miscellaneous and supplementary requirements and restriction can exert a considerable influence on the size and scope of the market.

  1. b) SIZE AND DISTRIBUTION OF THE POPULATION AND NATIONAL INCOME.

The size density and distribution of population also demographic and socio economic factors all have direct influence on the market for insurance particularly life assurance. When real income, National income increases rapidly, there will be a large potential market for life assurance.

  1. c) COMPETITION

Aggressive competition and increasing costs of service and administration have led to the elimination of small unprofitable companies and to the difficulty in offering personal service. Thus insurance company amalgamated to exploit the economies of scale and to invest heavily in computers and other ancillary equipment in order to;

  1. Calculate cost accurately
  2. Achieve lower operational costs

iii. Expand their service capability

d). INFLATION

Insurance market faces certain inflation levels and high taxation which both reduce purchasing power. Severe bouts of inflation recently have increased the reluctance of the public to enter into long term financial commitments. Now insurance companies allow guaranteeing surrender values of the policy holders or allow hem borrow against surrender values to let him that his money is not completely tied up, therefore growing awareness of the need to budget as well as invest wisely. Sales of assurances – whole life and endowment policy designed to provide for savings declined. Instead policies with investment element attached e.g endowment with profit associated unit trusts emerged.

 

1.6 PROSPECTS OF INSURANCE AGENCY IN IMT

Many writers have dwelt on recommendations on how to improve the quality of insurance agency in IMT.

  1. Prompt claims settlements

To dispose  the myopic belief of the public that the insurance business is a certificated robbery or that insurers are anxious when collecting premiums but avoids settlement of claims at an insurance of the insuring public, insurance industry  should make a point of duty to settle claims brought before it as and when due.

  1. The insurance industry should intensify in its marketing activities, however marketing activity should be carried out with all amount of truth and honesty. The advertisement should carry out only all the qualities possessed by the policy and not those which are not fulfilled by the policy.
  2. Market segmentation and market research should be continuous cycle in the marketing research of insurance in IMT. To differentiate people, different strategy and marketing techniques used should be suitable to the segment concerned.
  3. Renewal department should be advocated. This will always play the role of informing policy holders of their agreement with the industry as regard the contract, reminding then when premium payment are due.
  4. Insurance industry should create insurance awareness by spreading their investment activities to the rural areas to assist in developing ventures.

Government should create a special body to serve as insurer market examines and supervisions to nullify or conform the strong allegation that premium income declared annually by insurers are inflated figure in collaboration with insurance companies auditors to win public confidence.

 

 

 

 

GLOSSARY

1.7 DEFINITION OF TERMS

Certain terms has to be defined at the end of this study to enable the readers understand the words while reading the work.

Agents:     They are insurance intermediaries who are duly licensed are duly licensed and in a position to introduce business to the insurer.

Assurance: It means the same as insurance but is used in a move sured event like in life contracts.

Broker:      A person who buys and sells for others. They are regarded as professional expert. Also they are concerned with the placing of  insurance business.

Campus:    Grounds of schools, college or university.

Clients:      Customers who engage the services of the advertising agency

Commission:      The remuneration paid to an agent for the introduction of business, usually in the form of a percentage of the premium

Institution: An establishment organization for a special educational purpose.

Lecturer:   Persons who give lecturers. They are junior to the professor.

Policy:       Is a written statement of the terms of a contract of insurance.

Sample:     Any part of the population or figuratively if the population is a set then the         sample in a subset

Sum insured:     This is the amount covered by the life policy which becomes payable as a claim in the event of death or of the life policy.

Premium:  This is the price paid for the purchase of life assurance cover.

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ANALYSIS OF CONTAMINATION OF ALASA RIVER IN BURUTU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA

ANALYSIS OF CONTAMINATION OF ALASA RIVER IN BURUTU LOCAL GOVERNMENT AREA OF DELTA

ABSTRACT

 

          Water sample were collected along these river at various location, and were studied. The parameters determined were P4, temperature, conductivity, total hardness, alkalinity, ca hardness, maghardwen Cation (Pb2+ Fe2+ Cu2+) were also determined using atomic absorption spectrometry (DDS).

From the analysis showed that PH ranges from 6.10 – 6.80 temperature from 63.10 us/cm – 63.90 us/cm-1 while were hardness 6.00mgk – 6.60mgk alkalinity rages from 7.00 – 9.00 Ph2+ ranges from 0.2mgk – 0.16mgk CU2+ ranges from 0.01mgk – 0.03mgk Fe2+ ranges from 0023mgk – 0.23mgk Nl2+ ranges from 0.11mgk – 0.70mgk.

The result of the analysis revealed that the sample are soft and would leather easily with water.

 

 

 

 

 

CHAPTER OF CONTENTS

 

Title Page                                                                                ii

Dedication                                                                               iii

Acknowledgement                                                                            iv

Abstract                                                                                  v

Table of Contents                                                                             vi

CHAPTER ONE
  • Introduction 1

1.1     Statement of problem                                                    2

  • Objective 2
  • Limitation 2
  • Hypothesis 2
CHAPTER TWO
  • Literature Review 3

2.1     Effluent                                                                          6

  • Effluent Quality 7
  • Type of Pollution 8
  • Classification of Water Pollution 9
  • Effects of Water Pollution 11
  • Quality Criteria 15
  • Portable Water Standard 16
  • Storage and Preservation of Water Sample 18
CHAPTER THREE
  • Materials and Method 23
CHAPTER FOUR
  • Results 28
CHAPTER FIVE
  • Conclusion/Recommendation 33

Reference                                                                       34

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

 

  • INTRODUCTION

Water is one the most abundant substance in nature. It was previously considered to be an element, not until Canvendish proved it to be a compound consisting of hydrogen and oxygen in the ratio of 2:1 by volume.

Water covers approximately three quarters of the entire surface, but in spite of this apparent abundance, several factors have limited the amount of water available for human use.

It is of fundamental importance to all kinds of plants and animals and therefore to man. It is of equal importance with the air we breath in maintaining the vital process necessary for life and growth. But since it is not every available, its provision has form the earliest part of villages and town to the places where water supply exist.

Water is a vital commodity to industries for process field stock (reacting raw materials) solvent compound and cooling process. It is distributed in many forms such as rain water, spring water, sea water and water.

 

1.1     STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

The oil industries along this river discharge their waste sample into the Aleasa river, this effluent posses environmental hazards when disposed by the industries into water bodies, thereby causing effect on the life of the people.

 

1.2     OBJECTIVE

The objective is to determine the nature of the pollutant and its quantitative concentration level.

 

1.4     LIMITATION

A detail study of this work should have been carried out, but to the following factors there is limitation in the work. The factors include: (a) finance (b) time (c) non-availability of equipment to carry out most of the test (d) chemical to be used in carrying out most of the test.

 

1.3     HYPOTHESIS

          It is assured that the rate of water borne diseases among the people living along this Aleasa River, is as a result of polluted water caused by effluents waste products from the industries.

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Account Name: 3059320631

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Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
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EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS OF MYRISTIC OIL FROM MONODORA MYRISLICA (EHURU)

EXTRACTION AND ANALYSIS OF MYRISTIC OIL FROM MONODORA MYRISLICA (EHURU)

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction 1

1.1     Aim of the Project Work                                                         2

  • Statement of Problem 3
  • Limitation 3
  • Justification 3

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature Review 4

2.1     Definitions of the Analytical Parameters                       5

2.1.1  Saponification value                                                      5

  • Iodine Value 5
  • Acid Value 5
  • Specific Gravity 5
  • Fatty Acids 6
  • Peroxide Value 6
  • Chemical Composition of Vegetable Oil 6

CHAPTER THREE

  • Materials used in the Work 8

3.1     Extraction Procedure                                                     8

  • The Soxhlet Extraction 10
  • Procedures for oil Characterization                              11
    • Determination of Iodine Value 11
    • Determination Saponification value 11
    • Determination Peroxide value 12
    • Determination of Acid Value 12
    • Determination of Specific Gravity 12
    • Determination Viscosity 13
    • Determination Percentage oil yield 13

 

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Results and Discussion 15

4.1     Calculation of Iodine Value                                           15

  • Calculation of Saponification Value 16
  • Calculation of Peroxide Value 16
  • Calculation of Acid Value 17
  • Calculation of Specific Gravity 17
  • Percentage yield of the Oil 18
  • Table of Values 19
  • Discussion 19

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Conclusion and Recommendation 21

5.1     Conclusion                                                                     21

References                                                                      22

 


CHAPTER ONE

 

1.0     INTRODUCTION

          As a result of the increase in the demand for oils and fats for both industrial and consumption purposes, frantic efforts have been initiated through research and experiments to find out as much sources of oil and fats as possible.  Before now, oils and fats used by man were those obtained from animals, but presently, efforts through research and experiments have revealed a lot of plant sources of fats and oils to meet the observed increment in demand.  These plants oils are otherwise known as vegetable oil and are obtained either from the seeds or the nuts of a plant.  Examples of these oils are myristic oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, oil bean seed oil, coconut oil among others.

As stated above, one of the fruits born by the frantic efforts to find suitable alternatives to animal sources of oils and fats is the discovery of myristic oil. Myristic oil is an extract from monodora myristica (Ehuru) of the family annonareoa.  The oil is gotten from the seeds of the tree plant, which its seeds, are commonly used in the flavouring of food.  Apart from the use of its seeds in food flavouring myristic oil is a very good edible oil it contains about 25% yield of the edible oil and 5% of volatile oil. (Van Oss 1975).  Myristic oil just like other vegetable oils can be obtained by soxhlete extraction method, cold method, steam distillation among other extraction techniques.

Here in the eastern part of Nigeria, Monodora myristica is major grown in Nsukka, Enugu State.  The tree considerably call and well branched.  The fruits are round and big like that of bread fruit; containing numerous shelled seeds within the inner mass of the fruits.  The seeds are capsular in shape and remain the base for its propagation.  The fruit detatches and falls on the ground when riped; and the harvesting is done after the fruit must have decomposed.  The harvesting period is 10th to 12th months of the year.  (Okafor 1983).  The seeds dishes out or powerful fragrance hence its use in the flavouring of food.

The English name for Monodora Myristica is Africa nut meg while its local name is Ehuru.

 

 

  • AIM

 

The aim of this research work is to extract and characterized myristic oil in order to ascertain its usefulness either as an edible oil or an industrial oil.

 

  • STATEMENT OF PROBLEM

There has been high consumption demand on common oils such as palm oil, ground nut oil, coconut oil etc; which has consequently brought about an increase in the cost of these oils.  Ascertaining the consumption viability of myristic oil would attract peoples interest in using it; thereby solving the problem of high demand and the consequent high cost on those common oils.

 

  • LIMITATION

The raw material (Monodora myristica) is seasonal and presently, it is scarce and costly.

 

  • JUSTIFICATION

Through this work, people will become aware that Monodora myristica is not only used in food flavouring, rather it also serves as good source of edible oil

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PROXIMATE (NUTRIENT CONTENT) ANALYSIS OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA

PROXIMATE (NUTRIENT CONTENT) ANALYSIS OF DIOSCOREA BULBIFERA

CHAPTER ONE

1.1   Introduction/ Literature Review       –       –       1

CHAPTER TWO

2.0   Materials and Methods    –       –       –       –       5

2.1   Collection and Preparation of Sample      –       5

2.2   Determination of Moisture Content –               –       5

2.3   Determination of Percentage Crude Protein –   7

2.4   Determination of Ash Content –       –       –       10

2.5   Determination of Crude Fact    –       –       –       11

 

CHAPTER THREE

3.1   Results    –       –       –       –       –       –       –       14

CHAPTER FOUR

4.1   Discussion       –       –       –       –       –       –       16

References       –       –       –       –       –       –       23

Appendix                 –       –       –       –       –       –       19

 

ABSTRACT

This study is part of the effort to find out and document the nutrient compositions of the Dioscorea bulbifera (Aerial yam on air potato). Dioscorea bulbifera is among the many species of yam that can be found on Nigeria. The tissue is known to be a good source of food nutrients such as carbohydrate, crude protein, crude fat, fibre, Ash and moisture. As in many other yam species, moisture (64%) constitutes the greatest composition in percentage, followed by carbohydrate (29.03%), crude protein (1.1%), Ash (1.5%), crude fibre (0.67%) and crude fat (0.4%), with crude fat being the lowest in quantity. Dioscorea bulbifera is also known to contain some mineral elements such as potassium, calcium, phosphorous, magnesium, iron, zinc, copper, and sodium. Among the mineral elements potassium is found to be the highest while magnesium the lowest.

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First Bank:
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
Account Name: 3059320631

Foreign Transaction For Dollars Payment :
Bank Name: GTBank
Branch Location: Enugu State,Nigeria.
Account Name: Chi E-Concept Int’l
 Account Number:  0117780667. 
Swift Code: GTBINGLA 
Dollar conversion rate for Naira is 175 per dollar. 

Note:  We accept bank transfer, ATM cash transfer , Online payment using your ATM , Western union bank transfer.  We will respond to you anytime of the day. 

OR
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08074466939 or 08063386834, YOUR PROJECT TITLE  YOU WANT US TO SEND TO YOU, AMOUNT PAID, DEPOSITOR NAME, UR EMAIL ADDRESS,PAYMENT DATE. YOU WILL RECEIVE YOUR MATERIAL IN LESS THAN 1 HOURS ONCE WILL CONFIRM YOUR PAYMENT.

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DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION OF WELL WATER IN ABAKPA AREA OF ENUGU METROPOLIS.

DETERMINATION OF HEAVY METAL CONTAMINATION OF WELL WATER IN ABAKPA AREA OF ENUGU METROPOLIS.

ABSTRACT

The aims of this research work were; to determine possible heavy metal contaminant of well water in Abakpa area of Enugu metropolis and to inform the community and others of their health effect.

Well water was collected after an extended stagnation (overnight) from a closed well behind kerosene bus- stop at Abakpa. The sampling was limited by the high cost of the reagent needed for the laboratory test use of the analytical instrument and apparata. Besides, the number of wells in Abakpa were not two nor three but very many. Thus to prove heavy metal contamination of well water in Abakpa a well was chosen. This well’s water was chosen because looking at its color and odour one may infer the water was clean good for drinking. Distilled water was also used in the experimental aspect of some the metals (Ni and Co).

The analytical instrument that was used is portable data logging spectrophotometer. The reagents were copper ver 1 reagent powder pillow, citric acid powder pillow, ferrous iron powder pillow sodium period ate powder pillow, potassium 1 reagent powder pillow, buffer powder pillow – yellow, phthalates phosphate reagent powder pillow and bromphenol blue indicator. Other materials were 10 Nu sample cell, 25 ml sample cell dropper, 1 ml pipette, flat bottom conical flask and funnel. The following heavy metal contaminants; copper, manganese, iron, chromium, nickel, barium, and cobalt were tested for and were found present at trace level; 0.01, 1.3, 0.22, 0.01,0.59, 34, and 0.03 mg/L respectively.

 

          LIST OF TABLES.

Table  1. Specifications for Portable Water.

Table  2. The Sources and Health Effects of Heavy Metal     

                   Contamination

Table  3. Result.

Table  4. Vital and Detailed Information on the Procedures

 

TABLE OF CONTENTS

ix

CHAPTER ONE

  • Introduction 1

1.1   background information                                                  1

  • Statement of problem 2
  • Aims of the study 2
  • Research questions 3
  • Significance of the study 3
  • Limitations of the study 4
  • Justification 5

CHAPTER TWO

  • Literature review 6

2.1   water                                                                               6

  • Water supply 7
  • Well water 8
  • Heavy metal contamination 8
  • Specifications for portable water 9
  • The sources and health effects of

heavy metal contamination                                            11

  • Detecting heavy metal contaminants in well water 12

CHAPTER THREE

  • Methodology 14

3.1 methods                                                                                      14

  • Materials 14

CHAPTER FOUR

  • Result and discussion 16

4.1   result                                                                               16

  • Discussion 17

CHAPTER FIVE

  • Recommendation and conclusion 19

5.1     Recommendations                                                                   19

  • Conclusion 21

Appendix – the working principles of the

Analytical instrument                                                    22

References.                                                                     25

 


                                      CHAPTER ONE

 

  • INTRODUCTION

1.1                        BACKGROUND INEORMATION

This study is on the determination of heavy metal contamination of well water in Abakpa, Enugu metropolis. Water to a chemist is a chemical compound with two atoms of hydrogen and one atom of oxygen in each of its molecules. It has multi – uses and indispensable for continuous existence of plants and animals. One of its artificial sources is well water from well if impure or contaminated is not safe for its beneficiaries whether used directly or indirectly.

Heavy metal is one of its pollutants. They cannot be detected by sight, taste or smell but by chemical analysis using suitable analytical techniques. When water is not safe to its beneficiaries it means there are adverse effects due to the presence of contaminants. Through the determination of the contaminants the problem haly sowed. Determination in this context means finding out or calculating the heavy metal contaminants (qualitatively and quantitatively). Preventive measures can be taken and the pharmacists and doctors can offer lasting solution after knowing the source of the problem.

 

1.2     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM         

Heavy metal contamination in very harmful. There are adverse effect associated with it. There effects may be health environmental or irrigational depending on the use of contaminated water. In consequence of the above fact, the following are subject of concern; how can heavy metal contaminant of well water be determined? What are the health effects of heavy metal contaminated of well water in Abakpa area of Enugu Metropolis?

 

  • AIMS OF THE STUDY

The aims of this study are to determine possible heavy metal contaminants of well water in Abakpa, Enugu metropolis and tp inform the community and other of their health effects.

 

 

 

  • RESEARCH QUESTIONS

A       Is well water Abakpa (Enugu) contaminated with heavy metal?

B       what are heavy metal contaminates and when they aid to be harmful?

C       how can heavy metal contamination in water be determined?

 

  • SIGNIFICANCE OF THE STUDY

This study in a timely and interesting one in this era; when there are poliferation of pure water firm and source of water to meet the demand of the people. Some of the pure water factorice do not have laboratory or scientific to check for safety of water for man use. Through this study the right source to meet in made known.

In addition , the appearance that will call for examining (well) water for heavy metal contaminants are itemized. The simplest and less expensive method that will give a specific and accurate result in determining heavy metal contaminant is made know to a chemist. Specification from authorized health organization are made available. Their health effects are not left out. The degree of their effects on man and other materials show the need for control land prevention. Prevention some people say is better than cure. The case where drug (s) in needed the right person to meet is made known. No doubt the study would be of colossal benefit it to the people of Abakpa Enugu metropolis and other people.

 

1.6     LIMITATION OF THE STUDY

The study was limited by the following factor;

A       Money – this is very essential for any study to be a success. Due to insufficient money and the cost of the reagent, this study was limited.

B       Faulty and unavailable analytical instrument- done analytical instruments were not available they were faulty.

C       Time- due to shortness of time the most important information was considered.

D       reagents and apparatus- some of the needed reagents and apparatus were not available.

 

1.7     JUSTIFICATION

The experiment aspect of this study was carried out in analytical laboratory belonging to Enugu state environmental protection agency (ENSEPA). The laboratory is reliable and eguiped.

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